Vidura Neeti -1

Sanjaya came back with empty hands and told Dhrutaraashtra maharaja that Raayabaaram failed and Yuddham is anivaaryam. Dhrutaraashtra was very disturbed. In order to listen to some hita vaakyams, he called Vidura.

Vidura, the avataar of Yamadharmaraaja, the Nirahankaari, Nishchalamanaska, then came. Vidura did namaskaaram to the King and sat after being asked to do so by Dhrutaraashtra. Vidura told like this, after being asked by Dhrutaraashtra to tell some hita vaakyas:

“Maharaja! You are not getting sleep. This surprises me because only: Durbalas who have Virodham with Balavanta, people who do para-sampada-haranam, people who are Kaamaandhas, Chorakas do not get sleep according to our Shaastras. As far as I know, you dont have any of these lakshanas. I am not able to understand why you are not getting sleep”. Listening to this prati-prashna, Dhrutaraashtra said “I want to hear Dharma-Pravachanam from you”. Vidura continued:
“Maharaja! Yudhishthira who has Uttamagunas, Unnata-aashayas, Udaatta-Dharmas deserves to be a Trilokaadhipati. Even though he had the shakti to become one, he never went beyond your word, considering you as his father. Even then you sent them to Aranyas. Now you are in a position were you cant give them back their Raajyam as promised. You gave this Saamraajya-bhaaram to Duryodhana, Dushshaasana, Shakuni, Karna aadi ayogyas. Now is it fair to ask for Shaanti? A person who has Saatvika Svabhaavam, Udyogayatnam, Klesha-sahanam, follows Dharmam , will never loose. Such Sujjanas live away from Durjanas. Maharaja! A Vidvaan is one who:

  • follows path of Dharma-arthas
  • knows loka-vyavahaaram
  • has no Bhoga-chinta, but does purushaarthas
  • does no Aprastuta-prasangam
  • does not desire unnecessary profits
  • does not experience duhkham for things he lost
  • has Dhairyam and stands all difficulties
  • does any work to its completion, without leaving in between
  • who is not lazy
  • has Indriya Nigraham

Their Hrudayam will be like Pavitra-Ganga Nadi. Vidya is what always guides them. Whereas a muurkha doesnt have Vidya, Vivekam but has garvam. Also a person who has daaridryam and dreams of riches can also be called a muurkha. Also people

  • who leave Sva-dharmam
  • who take Para-dharmam
  • who doesnt behave well with friends
  • who keeps enemity with Balavanta
  • who has no friends
  • who do adhika-prasangam
  • who believes a Krutaghna
  • who always points mistakes of others
  • who has aavesham for no reason
  • who give upadeshams to anarhas

all these are muurkhas only Prabhu! Even though one has Vidya and does Daanams, if he has Garvam, he is not a Vidvaan. A parama-muurkha is one who eats without giving it to others who are in his aashrayam”.

(sashesham, to be continued)

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Published in: on July 31, 2006 at 2:53 pm  Comments (10)  

Shri Raama — Yashasvi

(continuation of this series of stories)

This series of stories on Shri Raama Chandra Murty try to showcase the 16 important sadgunas or the Shodasha-kalas in Shri Raama.

A person becomes a Yashasvi by doing two things:

  • Doing Muni, Rushi, Saadhu, Satpurusha seva
  • Doing Pritrukaaryas

Shri Raama Chandra leaves for Aranyavaasam to keep the word given by His father, Shri Dasharatha maharaja. Shri Raama hears from Bharata that Dasharatha became a Svargastha. Perhaps the sadest moment for Shri Raama, who loved His Maata-Pita very much.

Shri Raama Chandra goes to Mandaakinii Nadii, does snaanam, Jala-tarpanam and comes back. Then together with His sodaras, He does Pinda-pradaanam for His Pitrudevatas. He says: (addresing His Pita, Dasharatha)
“O Maharaja! We are giving you the same things as We are eating (in this Munivesham)”. Saying this They do Yathaavidhi Kaaryam according to Dharma-shaastras. All these Pitruseva Kaaryams gave Shri Raama ananta Kiirti and Yashas.

Also, in the name of Aranyavaasam, Shri Raama got the opportunity of having Darshanam and doing seva of many many Rushis like: Bharadvaaja, Valmiki, Sharabhanga, Sutiikshna and Agastya. He also comes to know about the greatness of Agastyamuni, through Agastyamuni’s brother. Agastyamini’s brother also tells Shri Raama how Agastyamuni did dushta-samhaaram of Vaataapi and Ilvala:

(the following story is very very deep and must be carefully understood by reading the original with the help of elders. It is presented here in short for the sake of completness)

Once upon a time, two very strong Raaksha brothers by names Vaataapi and Ilvala were there. Ilvala used to take the form of a Braahmana, speak nirdushta bhaasha (pure Samskrutam) and invite Braahmanas as bhoktas for Shraaddham. Vaataapi used to take the form of a sheep and Ilvala used to kill him, cook and serve to the Bhokta. After the Bhokta ate the Prasaadam, Ilvala used to call “Vaataapi come out” — and Vaataapi used to come out tearing the Bhokta’s stomach. Then both of them used to eat the Bhokta. This kruura krutyam was their everyday habit.

Like this thousands and thousands of Braahmanas were killed by the Vaataapi brothers. Seeing this Devatas approached the great Agastya maharshi and asked for sharanam. Agastya maharshi went as a Bhokta when invited by Ilvala and after eating the Prasaadam said “Jeernam Jeernam Vaataapi Jeernam”. When Ilvala called Vaataapi to come out, with chiru-mandahaasam, Agastyamuni replied “You brother Vaataapi who was in mesha-rupam became Jeernam in my stomach and reached Narakam. Now he wont come out”. On knowing that his brother was killed, Ilvala attakced Agastyamuni, but became ashes through the Agastyamuni’s Netra-agni.

Doing which Dharma-aacharana Shri Raama got Ananta-Yashas, the same was made fun of by Vaataapi and Ilvala, by doing many bad things while doing it.

Jayam to Agastya-aadi munis, rushis of this Bhaaratadesham.

Sadgunas to be learnt: Maata-pita seva and Saadhu-Sajjana seva. Doing them leads to Ananta Yashas.

Search Terms: Rama, Agasthya, Vatapi, Vathapi, shraddham, Pitru karyam

Published in: on July 30, 2006 at 6:22 pm  Comments (1)  

Satsangatyam

Whatever kind of a person one is, if he spends some time in Satsangam, will change. This is why our elders say “Saadhu janasangam is sakalaartha saadhanam”.

In one village a thief used to live. Nobody was able to catch him. He once planned to rob the King’s antahpuram itself. He somehow sneaked into the antahpuram. He saw that the King and the Queen didnt sleep yet and were discussing something important. He started to overhear their conversation.

The King had a beautiful daughter and the person who marries her will be the next King. The King said “ok. Tomorrow morning I will go to Gangaa-teeram. We will give our daughter to one of the Saadhu’s who live there. Such people will not have Dhana-vyaamoham and hence will be able to rule the kingdom well.”

The thief thought “why should I try so much and do this chauryam. If tomorrow I just sit in a Saadhu-vesham, I may get married to the princess and become the King”. Thinking like this he joined the Saadhus near Gangaa-teeram and waited for the King to arrive.

To his surprise he saw that even if the King fell at every Saadhu’s feet and begged them to marry the princess and rule the kingdom, none of them accepted. The thief realized that surely these Saadhu’s are greater than the King. Just because these people were in Saadhu-vesham, the King himself was falling at their feet. He realized that the way of life of a Saadhu is great. He thought “just by seeing such people I got so much change in my thinking, imagine how much good can happen if I really lead a life of a Saadhu”.

When the King came and asked the theif, he too rejected the marraige and later lived the life of a Saadhu all through his life.

Morals in the story:

1. The importance of Satsangatyam is well shown in the story.

2. The greatness of the Saadhus, who dont wish to any Bhogas in Iham and always spend their time in Bhagavat-dhyaanam, is well shown in the story.

Published in: on July 29, 2006 at 8:49 pm  Comments (1)  

Shri Gosvaami Tulasidas

(We advice readers to read all previous morals before reading this story, which has Bhakti as the main theme.)

Near the famous Punyakshetram Prayaaga (see this too), in “Baanda” nagaram a graamam by name “Raajapuram” is there. There a Sarayuu-paariina-brahmana by name Aatmaaraam dubey used to live. Shrimati Hulasidevi was his dharmapatni. In the year 1554 V.S. (Vikramaarka Shakam), on Shraavana Shuddha-saptami, on Abhuktamuulaa Nakshatram, Shri Tulasidas was born to them

The baby had 12 months of garbha-vaasam. The baby never cried; people used to hear Shri Raama naamam from the baby instead. He had 32 teeth and looked like a 5 year old kid. Seeing these adbhuta-lakshanas, Hulasidevi feared amangalas for the kid and asked a dasi by name Chuniya to look after the baby. Then the baby was 10 days old and vidhivashah, Hulasidevi left her physical body. Chuniya brought up the child with lot of affection. However she too died when Tulasidas was around 5 years old.

Jagajjanani Shri Parvatidevi took pity on the anaatha baalaka, Shri Tulasidas, and used to feed him everyday with Her own hands. Aaha! who can surpass Shri Tulasidas in his adrushtam (adrushtam is that which cannot to seen — it is one’s previous janma-janmaantara karma). He had the adrushtam of taking aahaaram for the hands of Annapuurnadevi Herself. Shri Narahari Aananda, the priya shishya of Shri Anantaanandaji, came searching for Tulasidas. He was sent by Parameshvara. He named the baalaka “Raambola” and took him along with him to the divya Ayodhya nagaram.

On Maagha shuddha-panchami, Shukravaasaram, in 1561 V.S., Shri Narahari Aananda did Upanayana-aadi Samskaaras to Raambola. Raambola was an eka-santaagraahi and a buddhi-shaali. After Vidyaabhyaasam of Raambola, they left for “Varaaha-kshetram” and there Raambola heard Shri Raama Charitam from Shri Naraharisvami. Later they shifted to the anata-phaladaayaka Kaashi Kshetram.

In Kaashi kshetram, under Sheshasanaatanasvaami, Raambola did Veda-Vedaanga adhyayanam for 15 years. Raambola had all the Veda-Vedaantas on his jihvaagram. After taking the anugnya of his Guru, he then left for Raajapuram. He did Yathaavidhi Shraaddhakarmas to his Maata-pitas, when he came to know that they were no more. He used to sing Shri Raama Charitam and spend his time.

On Jyeshtha Shuddha-trayodashi, Guruvaasaram, in 1583 V.S., Raambola and Ratnaavali had Kalyaanam. Raambola used to like Ratnaavali very much. Once when she went to her father’s place, Raambola couldnt bear the viraham and went to her. Seeing the blind prema of Raambola she said “O Praaneshvara! If you show even half of the prema you are showing on me, you would have long time back got Moksham”. Antarmathanam started in Raambola, he immediately left that place and reached Prayaaga. After that he did many Teertha-yatras.

In Maanasasarovaram he had the darshanam of the great Raama bhakta, Kaakabhushundi. Tulasidas used to do Raamkatha-pravachanam in Kaashi Kshetram. Everyday after Sandhyaavandanam, Tulasidas used to pour the Teertham near the root of a Vruksham. A Brahmaraakshasa (the form a Braahmana who does not spread his knowledge gets), who was living on the Vruksham, got Vimukti due to the mahima of the Teertham. The Brahmaraakshasa told Tulasidas “because of your Teertha prabhaavam, I got Vimukti. Please tell me in what way I can help you?”. Tulasidas asked him in what way he can have Shri Raama divya darshanam. Brahmaraakshasa replied “I dont know that. But you take the aashrayam of Shri Aanjaneya and then you will have the darshanam of Shri Raama”. When asked by Tulasidas how to get the aashrayam of Shri Aanjaneya, the Brahmaraakshasa replied “Yetra Yetra Raghunaatha Keertanam Tatra Tatra ….”.

To listen to Shri Tulasidas’s Raama Charita Pravachanam, everyday a Vruddha Brahmana used to come. He used to come before everyone comes and leave after everyone leaves. Listening to Shri Raama gaadha, he used to have Aananda-bhaashpas. Seeing the tanmyayatvam of the Vruddha, once Shri Tulasidas asked “Svaami! Who are You?”. Shri Hanumaan showed his Divya-ruupam. Shri Tulasidas did His praarthana and asked Him how he will have Shri Raama Darshanam. Aanjaneya Svaami replied “go to Chitrakuuta-parvatam. There you will have Shri Raama Chandra Svaami’s Darshanam”. Shri Tulasidas immediately went to Chitrakuutam and lived near Raamaghattam.

Once Shri Tulasidas went for Kaamada-giri-pradakshinam. There he saw two Manohara Divya Raajakumaaras, with Dhanurbaanas, going on two Maha-ashvas. Shri Tulasidas became a mugdha on seeing Them, but didnt recognize Them. Later Shri Hanumaan told him who They were. Shri Hanumaan told to Tulasidas, when he was having pashchaattaapam, “do not worry. You will again have Shri Raama darshanam tomorrow”.

On Mouni-amaavaasya, Saumyavaasaram, in 1607 V.S., Shri Tulasidas again had the Divya Darshanam of Shri Raama and Lakshmana. Shri Raama asked “Baabaa! Please give Us this chandanam”. Shri Hanumaan took the form of a Parrot and told a doha which hinted Shri Tulasidas that it is Shri Raama who was asking him for chandanam. Shri Tulasidas lost the effect of indriyas and stood looking at Shri Raama Divya manohara ruupam. Shri Raama took the chandanam from the hands of Shri Tulasidas and put Tilakam for Himself and to Tulasidas and disappeared.

He then went to Ayodhya Kshetram and then to Prayaaga Teertham during Meghamela. He then had the Divya darshanam of Shri Bharadvaaja and Yaagnyavalka maharshis, near a Vata-Vruksham. He then went to Varaaha Kshetram and lived in a Braahmana’s house near Prahlaadaghaat in Kaashi Kshetram. There he got Kavitaa-shakti, by Shri Shaarada Kataaksham. He used to write Shlokas in Samskrutam and by the next day they used to disappear. Samething happened everyday. On the eighth day, Shri Parameshvara appeared in Tulasidas’s dream and told him “you continue your Kaavya-rachana in your Vyavahaara Bhaasha only”. Shri Tulasidas woke up and Lord Shiva, along with Shri Parvatidevi, appeared before him. Shri Tulasidas did pranaamam and Parameshvara replied

“you go to Ayodhya and do Kaavya-rachana in Avadhi bhaasha. With My aashirvaadam, your Kaavyam will be equal to Saamavedam. Many will sing your Raamaayanam and get the phalitam of singing Saamavedam”.

Shri Tulasidas started Shri Raama Charita Maanasa rachana in the Praatah-kaalam of the Shri Raama Navami in 1631 V.S. at Ayodhya Kshetram. He took 2 years, 7 months and 26 days to complete the rachana of Shri Raama Charita Maanas. Following Parameshvara aagnya he reached Kaashi and sang Shri Raama Charita Maanas before Paarvati-Parameshvara. That night Tulasidas left the Divya Grantham near Vishvanaatha mandiram and when he opened it the next day he saw “Satyam, Shivam, Sundaram” written on it. It was also signed by Parameshvara at the bottom.

Listening to this chamatkaaram, the Panditas got Iirsha on Tulasidas. They did ninda of Tulasidas. They tried to do Grantha-chauryam and appointed two chorakas for it. The chorakas near the Kutiiram of Shri Tulasidas. They saw two Ati-sundara Veeras gaurding the Kutiiram. One of Them had Shyaama-varna, the other Goura-varna shariiram. Choraka’s buddhi changed just on seeing the Veeras. They immediately left chauryam and started Shri Raama bhajana.

The Panditas, who were burning with Iirsha, asked Shri Madhusuudana Sarasvatiji to go through the Grantham. After reading the Raama Charita Maanas Shri Madhusuudanaji became very happy and praised Shri Tulasidas. This increased the Iirsha of the Panditas. They tried one more thing: they placed Veda-Shaastra-Puraana Granthas and Shri Tulasidas’s Raama Charita Maanas, as the bottom most Grantham, before Vishveshvara sannidhi. They closed doors and came next day morning. To their surprise Raama Charita Maanas was on the top of all the Granthams. They realized their mistake and fell at the feet of Shri Tulasidas.

On Aashaadha Krishna-Tadiya, Shanivaasaram, in 1680 V.S., near Aasiighaat, Shri Tulasidas reached Paramapadam.

(SEE THIS PICTURE)

Morals in the story:

  1. We learnt the greatness of Shri Raama charita Maanas and Shri Tulasidas. Parama Shiva Himself showed us that Shri Raama Charita Maanas is as valuable as Veda-Shaastra-Puraanas and Saamavedam.
  2. Raambola always followed all Dharmas. He did Guru-seva and learnt many Shaastras. God always likes such people. Through Ratnaavali He turned Raambola into a great Bhakta and ultimately gave him moksham.
  3. Iirsha make even great people do really bad things. The Panditas, though they learnt many times that Iirsha is an enemy, they got Iirsha and did very bad things. One must always be away from such durgunas.

Search Terms: Thulasidas, Tulasiidas, Tulaseedas, Thulaseedas, Gosvami, Goswami, Rambola, Kasi, Kashi, Prayaga, Rathnavali, Ratnavali, Tulasidaas

Published in: on July 28, 2006 at 5:12 pm  Comments (12)  

Naarada maharshi upadesham

Naarada (Naaram is Gnyaanam. He is the one who gives Gnyaanam) is one of the 21 important avataars of Mahaavishnu. For many great Bhaktas, Yogis, Maharshis He was the Guru. It is well known that with His anugraham only one gets Bhakti. He was the Guru of Aadi Kavi Vaalmiiki, Veda Vyaasa, Dhruva, Prahlaada, Haryashwaas & Shabalashwaas, children of Dakshaprajaapati, Chitraketu, …. (the list goes on). He did divya-upadeshas to Saavitri, Dharmaraaja, Duurvaasa, Sanat-kumaras ….. It is because of Him only we today know about Satyanaaraayana Vratam, which is the easiest way to attain Iham and Param in Kaliyugam. He gave us Naarada-smruti, Naarada Bhakti-suutras. He is the pravartaka of Mahaabhaaratam in Devalokam (see this for more info).

Naarada maharshi’s darshanam in Mahaabhaaratam happens in Sabhaa-parvam. He came to see the Raajyaabhishekam of Dharmaraaja in Maya-sabha. Yudhishthira went and recieved Naarada maharshi and did Atithi-seva. Naarada maharshi gave His aashiirvaadam and said “O Dharmaraaja! I am happy to see the abhishekam of the Dharmadevata in human form (Yudhishthira, the amsha of Yamadharmaraaja).

Will you follow all the ways which your ancestors and elders followed and did Dharma-sthaapana? Will you look after all the people in your Raajyam with Samaana-drushti? I am sure you are not having dhana-lobham and treating some with Prema and the others with Dvesham. If such a thing is done then it will lead to anarthas. And ultimately this will destroy the King only. A Raaja must be a Maarga-darshi for the praja. Dhana-kaanksha will lead to Sarva-naashanam.

Sleeping in the day, staying awake in the night leads to anaarogyam (see this too). Your Mantris must be duty oriented, have nirmala-manas, have Kushaagra-buddhi, have no Svaartham. Your must test the Vidya, Vivekam and Shiila-svabhaavam of people and recruit them as Government officials.

You must never give Unnata-padavi to adhamas and madhyamas; and for uttamas give alpa-padavi. Because of this the people who get Unnata-padavi will not know how to do the job, the people who get alpa-padavi will face avamaanam and may try to spoil the Govt. out of frustration.

You must do your own duty; if you hand it over to your sub-ordinate, then your respect will decrease and will lead to your downfall.

The Govt. servants must be paid good salaries. You must be extra careful with the people who do praana-tyaagam and save the Kingdom. You must only carefully look after their families. Else no one in future will voluntarily come forward for Desha-rakshana. Desha-rakshana will thus be destroyed. It is the most important duty of you to look after them well.

Of the Govt. servants some will be very bright. They perform there duties very well. You must recognise them and keep promoting them only to higher posts. Else these bright people will loose Utsaaham and this will destroy your Raajyam and will also cause apakhyaati to you.

Similarly you must do ghana-sanmaanam to people who do saahasa-kaaryas and people who are Panditas. Remember always there will be very few people who will be Panditas and have Pratibha. The very presence of such people in your Raajyam will increase your Raajyam’s glory.

Your Raajyam will have two kinds of calamities: one Natural (due to storms, floods etc.); the other because of people who dont have Samskaaram and are muudhas (since they are muudhas they dont listen to others, thinking that whatever they do is good). Pashutvam will be very high in them. If Raaja is a dhiishaali, then these people will lead there life in some corner. If not, these people only will do himsa and loot the people. Additionally if the King has dhana-lobham, these people will rob the people in King’s name. A King must always see that the number of such muurkhas, muudhas doesnt increase.

Immediately you must punish the people who deserve to be punished according to the Danda-neeti-shaastram. Whatever may happen you must never leave them unpunished. Else robbery, murders, everything will increase. There is no bigger foolishness than leaving such people.

King must ensure that Praja dont have agni-pramaadam etc. He must provide heath-care to all and ensure everybody gets pure water.

It is the duty of the King to protect Anaathas, handicapped etc. You must appoint Tax collectors with utmost care (see this too). You must not appoint muurkhas who cut Sandal-wood trees for wood. Tax collectors must collect tax carefully like how a garland-maker carefully makes the garland without spoiling the flowers.

Many foriegn bussiness people come to our Raajyam. You must not loot them with heavy heavy taxes. Else they will never come again. In the same way you must ensure that they pay taxes very promptly.

You must look after your health properly and eat aahaaram which is prepared with Parishubhrata (and prepared in a way as recommended by our Shaastras). Along with physical health if the King needs to maintain mental health he must spend some time in Sat-kaalakshepam with Sat-purushas and Panditas.

O Dharmanandana! I know that you know all these. However it is my vidhi (duty) to tell you all this.”

Every line in this story shows things which even recent Kings like Shri Krishna Deva Raaya and Chatrapati Shivaaji firmly followed. (and exactly the things not at all followed today??)

Search Terms: Dharmaraja, Narada, Rajaneeti, Prabhutvam

Published in: on July 27, 2006 at 5:31 pm  Comments (2)  

Shri Gautama maharshi -1

Gautama maharshi is one of the Brahma-maanasa-putras and is one of the great Saptarishis. Gautama maharshi is a mantra-drashta and gave us the famous “Gautama Smruti” in which he showed us many Dharma-sutras. Proving the Shodasha (16) Padaarthas like Pratignya, Hetu, Udaaharana, he wrote a Nyaayashaastram too. He gave us the Jyotishshaastra Grantham by the name “Gautama Samhita”. Sitadevi’s gotram is Gautama gotram only!

Once Brahmadeva did srushti of Ahalya (Na halyati iti Ahalya. She lacked nothing). She was a divya Soundarya Murty. Brahmadeva wondered who derserved to be the Bharta of this apuurva Gunavati. He decided that a person with Akhanda Teevra Brahmacharya Nishtha and Nigraham can only be her Bharta and saw that Gautama maharshi was the one. He decided to test the Indriya Nigraham of Gautama maharshi. He came to Gautama maharshi’s aashramam and said “she is Ahalya. I will leave her in your aashramam. I will come back after some time”. Many years passed and since Gautama maharshi was a Samyami and his manas was always with Brahma (hence a Brahmachaari), he never even had faint skhalanam seeing Ahalya. Gautama maharshi, the parama Shiva Bhakta, easily passed the test of Brahmadeva. Brahmadeva then did Kalyaanam of Gautama maharshi and Ahalya. Their’s was an aadarsha daapatyam. They lived in Brahmagiri, which is in Dakshina-Bhaaratam.

Unlike modern technology, which tries to exploit Nature, our Bhaarateeya Vignyaanam explians ways how to use Nature without disturbing the Nature’s eco-system. Combining Bhautika Vignyaanam and Aadhyaatmika Vignyaanam is the speciality of Bhaarateeya maharshis. Gautama maharshi was a master of Bhuu, Jala, Vyavasaaya Shastras. Gautama maharshi, once for Kshaama-nivaaranam did Tapas for Varunadeva and made a reservoir filled with Akshayajalam. Shiva Puraanam tells that with this Jalam, many lands become fertile: (here goes the story)

Once a Kshaamam came and life of people became difficult. Except Yogis everyone was running for their life. Gautama maharishi, who had karuna-svabhaavam, was not able to see the difficulties of the people. He decided to do Tapas for Varunadeva to ask him from rain. Varunadeva appeared and said “this is Kaala-niyamam. I cannot go against it. Kaala-karta, Parameshvara, only controls Pancha-bhuutas and Grahas. Doing anusandhaanam of Punya-Paapas of people, using Us, Parama Shiva controls Nature (Aadi Shakti). According to this I must not rain now. Ask Me anything else”. Gautama maharshi, who had loka-shreyas in mind, asked Varunadeva “if You are really satisfied with my Tapas, give me Akshajalam. Other than that I dont need anything”. Varunadeva replied “Gautama! I must give phalitam to your Tapas. I am bound to My Mantram. You dig a reservoir and I will put Akshyajalam in it. Dayaalu like you will do only Praja-kshemam. Jayostu”. Thus Gautama maharshi saved many people. Aadhaaram to this Prapancham are four: “a person who has Bhuutadaya, a person who has no garvam, a person who has upakaara-buddhi, a person who has Indriya Nigraham”.

The seva that Gautama maharshi did to Dakshina Bhaaratam and in particular to Aandra Pradesh is also memorable. Using his Vyavasaaya Shaastram and Godaavari he turned this land fertile. (We will see this story in detail in Shri Gautama maharshi -2). He also changed the course of Krishnaa-nadii-jalam, using his Tapas-shakti, and made still many more lands fertile.

Atithi-seva and Praja-sankshemam were the important Dharmas which Gautama maharshi showed us. One Sajjana/Dushta is enough to save/destroy a whole Vamsham. Many maharshi’s in Gautama maharshi’s Vamsham are Mantra-drashtas. Gautama maharshi and Ahalya’s putra was Shataananda, the Purohita of Janaka maharaja.

Gautama maharshi after making one place fertile used to shift to the next place. Like this many maharshis bless the place with their Tapas and move on. The aashramams used by such Divya-rushis later become Siddha-aashramams. Aditi and Kashyapa maharshi did Tapas for Mahaavishnu in Gautama maharshi’s aashramam and got Mahaavishnu as their child. Mahaavishnu was born to them as Vaamana, Shri Raama and Shri Krishna. (Kaushalya, Dasharatha; and Devaki-Vasudeva are Aditi, Kashyapa only)

Morals in the Story:

  1. Bhaarateeya Vignyaanam was always respecting the Nature, not destroying it. The importance they gave to Agriculture etc. is well shown in this story.
  2. The greatness of Samyamam, Brahmacharyam are well shown by Gautama maharshi.
  3. The paropakaara buddhi and Bhuutadaya of Gautama maharshi are well shown in the story.
  4. The greatness of Siddha-aashramams and Divya Kshetras is shown in the story. We are indeed very very lucky to be born in this Bhaarata Desham, where there are countless number of Punya-kshetras. “Mera Bhaarat Mahaan“.

Search Terms: Gauthama, Gowthama, Gouthama, Goutama, Gowtama, Indra

Published in: on July 26, 2006 at 6:21 pm  Comments (3)  

Story of Heeraakaanii

We heard many many stories about greatness of Chatrapati Shivaji. Shivaji always followed the path of Dharmam. He never enjoyed the bhogas of a King. He had no vyaamoham on stri and never went even near by any suraapaanam (see this too). He gave daanam of his Raajyam to a Sanyaasi and ruled the Raajyam as his pratinidhi (this is the recommended way of ruling a kingdom according to our Shaastras). He never used to put unnecessary taxes on people (see this too). Even his own Pattaabhishekam he did with his own money.

Shivaji maharaja had para-mata-sahanam, even though in his Raajyam the others were in minority. He did this even though he knew that in the neighbouring kingdoms the Moghul emporers suppressed, killed the Hindus and destroyed many many Devaalayas. Daya and Karuna were his svaabhaavika-lakshanas. This small story happened when he had his Durgam (fort) at Raayagadh.

Shivaji’s Durgam at Raayagadh was impenetrable. It protected him and his kingdom from many enemy kings. Security of the Durgam was of ultimate importance for the Raajyam. The Simhadvaaram of the Durgam used to be heavily guarded and it was strictly opened during 6am to 9pm only. Raaja-aagnya was that no one must be allowed in or out from the Dvaaram except in these times.

Heerakaanii was a ordinary women. She used to supply Goksheeram to the Raaja-aasthaanam. Everyday she used to come and go, for this purpose, into the Raayagadh Durgam.

One day, wife of one of the Sainikas was having Prasava-vedana. Heeraakaanii helped her and in that she became late. By the time the work was over, it was past 9pm and the Simhadvaaram was closed. Heeraakaanii told the Dvaara-paalaka to let her out. She said if she doesnt go back to her house, her baby will not get her milk. The Dvaara-paalakas took pity on her but they did not go against Raaja-aagnya and followed Seva-dharmam. They adviced her to take rest in the Sainika’s house and since Heeraakaanii’s husband is there in the house, he will manage feeding the baby.

The next day morning as soon as it passed 6am, the Dvaara-paalaka searched everywhere for Heeraakaanii, to send her out of the Durgam. He didnt find her. They searched everywhere and found signs that Heeraakaanii crossed the Durgam!! The Sainikas were ashtonished because even great great mahaaveeras can never cross the Durgam; how come Heeraakaanii crossed it? Fearing insecurity, they immediately reported the news to Chatrapati Shivaji.

Shivaji immediately came to the Dvaaram and checked what happened. While everyone was wondering how this happened, Heeraakaanii came before Shivaji and told Shivaji that she didnt follow Raaja-aagnya because she had to feed her baby. She said she was very sorry and was ready to take the punishment for her mistake. She said she herself didnt know how she managed to cross the Durgam and went out.

Shivaji fell at Heeraakaanii’s feet, did Saashtaanga pranaamam to her and ask her to pardon his mistake! He said “Amma! Your Maatruhrudayam I can understand. Please excuse me for not being able to send you out. No rule is greater before a Maatruhrudaya-karuna. This watch tower will be named on your name in order to respect your Maatruhrudayam”. From that time onwards the tower became famous as Heeraakaanii Buruzu and people never forgot the greatness of Shivaji and Heeraakaanii.

Morals in the Story:

  1. The story clearly showcases the importance our people gave to a mother and a women. Shivaji though being a Chatrapati maharaja did Saashtaanga-pranaamam seeing the Maatruhrudayam of Heeraakaanii.
  2. The paropakaara buddhi of Heeraakaanii was well shown in the story. She immediately helped the Sainika’s wife, whenshe was in need.
  3. The Maatru-prema of Heeraakaanii was so high that even the impenetrable Durgam was easy for her to pass through
  4. The qualities of a good ruler are shown well by Shivaji. He gave daanam of his Raajyam to a Sanyaasi and ruled the Raajyam as his pratinidhi. The Sanyaasi never wanted the bhogas of a King and asked Shivaji to rule the Raajyam without going against Dharmam.
  5. Para-mata-sahanam (does not even remotely mean we follow other people’s religion) was always recommended by our Shaastras. Shivaji was a firm follower of it.
  6. Seva-dharmam is one of the most difficult Dharmas to follow. The Sainikas of Shivaji firmly followed it.

Search Terms: Shivaji, Shivaaji, Sivaji, Sivaaji, Hirakani, Heerakani, Hirakaani, Heera Kaani, Hira Kani, Chhatrapati

Published in: on July 25, 2006 at 7:18 pm  Comments (14)  

Vyaaghrapaada maharshi

Shri Krishna Paramaatma’s Deekshaaguru was Upamanyu. His father was Vyaaghrapaada maharshi. Vyaaghrapaada maharshi was an akunthita Shiva deekshaapara and a Shiva bhakti paraayana. He was a shadkaala Shivapuuja-dhurandhara. Vyaaghrapaada Brahmarshi used to goto the aranyas and carefully collect Bilva-dalas, vividha-kusumas, with a lot of prema, for Shiva puuja.

Once Sadaashiva, the Bhaktavatsala, gave His durlabha darshanam to Vyaaghrapaada maharshi. Parama Shiva asked the Brahmarshi to ask for abhiishtam. Vyaaghrapaada maharshi replied “nirantara Shiva bhakti is enough for me”. He had nirmala, nishkaama, nishchala Bhakti on Parameshvara. However Parama Shiva insisted the Brahmarshi to ask for something.

With that Vyaaghrapaada maharshi replied “Karunaamaya! I get Divyaanandam doing Your puuja. Collecting vividha-kusumas, dalas for Your puuja, using them for Your archana — these things give immense aanandam to me. When I try to collect these Vana-dravyas, huge thorns and sharp stones prick and cause pain to me. So make my paadas as kathinam as a Vyaaghra’s”. (In Aadhyaatma tattvam, Vyaaghram represents Moksham) Parama Shiva, with a chiru-mandahaasam, replied “tathaastu”. Vishveshvara was happy with the avyaaja-prema of the Bhakta. Thus the Brahmarshi got the name Vyaaghrapaada.

The great Chidambara Kshetram is known as “Vyaaghrapuri” or “Puliyuur” because Vyaaghrapaada maharshi did Shiva-upaasana here and saw the Divya Shiva Taandavam here. He is the Mantra-drashta of many Mantras in Rug-vedam. The great Paandavas were from Vaiyaaghrapada-gotram, for which Vyaaghrapaada maharshi is the Pravataka.

For Loka-shrayas and to protect Sanaata-Dharmam, Vyaaghrapaada maharshi also wrote “Vyaaghrapaada-smruti”. One can learn about Yuga-dharmas, Aashrama-dharmas, Pinda pradaana – Pitru tarpana Mahaatmyam, Teertha-Kshetra praashastyam, Shraaddhaadi Vignyaanam, Abhisheka, Snaana vidhis etc., by reading this Mahaa-grantham:

  1. On seeing a Deva-pratima, a Yati, a Sanyaasi, immediately one must do Namaskaaram. If one doesnt then praayashchittam is required.
  2. When doing Namaskaaram one must do Yathaavidhi by folding both the hands. If one does with one hand, then he will loose all the Punyam which he earned in that janma.

Like this many simple, nevertheless important things are discussed in this Shaastram.

Morals in the story:

  1. Nishkaama bhakti is what we all need to have. Vyaaghrapaada maharshi showed us that it is this which will impress Parameshvara, not Bhakti with Svaartham.
  2. Importance of respecting, doing Namaskaaram to Deva-pratima, Yati, Sanyaasi and elders is well shown in the story.

Search Terms: Vyaghrapada, Vyaghrapaada, Siva, Bilvam

Published in: on July 24, 2006 at 6:08 pm  Comments (11)  

Story of a Ratna-Choraka

It is a desert. People say there are a lot of Nidhis, Ratnas. One out of hundred who used to go in search for these Nidhis used to return; but seeing this one person many used to go again. Many villages were getting empty. Many youngsters right from their childhood were making attempts to get the Nidhi and were getting burnt in their own Dhana-kaanksha.

One day three younsters set out for the Nidhis. Along with Dhana-kaanksha, these three also had Saahasam and Saamarthyam. Because of this they finally managed to get some very valuable Ratnas. However this was only one-half of the job. Taking the Ratnas safely to their house is as challenging as getting them. The way back was full of robbers and thieves. There was one thief who gave training to a Parrot to recognise people who are hiding the Ratnas. It shouts when it sees anyone who is carrying the Ratnas. The three Saahasavantas were coming that way and an ordinary robber, who already noticed that they got Ratnas, was also coming with them. In those days people knew how to hide the Ratnas safely in their stomach, so that nobody notices.

However the parrot easily found out that these people had Ratnas in their stomach and started shouting. The thieves caught them and took them to their master. The master ordered that “if these people dont give the Ratnas by tomorrow morning, kill them”. The four were tighted with ropes and were gaurded overnight by the thieves. The three Saahasavantas didnt know what to do.

The ordinary thief thought like this: “anyway, after killing these three and taking the Ratnas, these people will kill me too. All these days I have done immense Paapa-kaaryams. I did not do even one small help to anyone”. The next day morning he told the master of the thieves “you are not believing that we dont have Ratnas. You do like this. Kill me first. In case you dont find any Ratnas in my stomach, then atleast leave these innocent people”. The master did as told by him. The three Saahasavantas were awe-struck seeing the Praana-tyaagam of the ordinary thief.

The Parrot which was shouting till then, also stopped shouting. May be it also was not able to digest the Paropakaara-Saahasa-kaaryam of the ordinary thief.

Morals in the story:

  1. Paropakaara buddhi is difficult to get. One in a crore get such a thought and still few do it bravely as the thief did.
  2. True Saahasam is the Praana-Tyaagam of the thief. He did it self-lessly. The three Saahasavantas did whatever they did, for their own good. So Saahasam must always be used for benefit of others, than for one’s self.
  3. Dhana-kaanksha is very dangerous. As seen in the story, many lost their precious lives for it. Atyaasha and the want to earn money in an easy way will always lead to difficulties.
Published in: on July 23, 2006 at 6:56 pm  Comments (2)  

Bhuutadaya

We would have many times heard our elders saying to us when we were small kids and were all the time playing … “enough play. Come home, its getting dark. You must not play in the night. Bhuudevi will get angry”. Behind every aachaaram, advice of elders always there will be a great Bhaarateeya Tattvam:

It was the great Ujjaini nagaram. Raaja-Maargam. It was very busy with Desha-Videsha Vartakas. A Sundarii, who was like a fresh flower oozing nectar, was selling honey on this street. In no time lakhs of ants gathered and were trying to taste the Madhu. Seeing that a Lizard came there to eat the ants like peanuts. A rat, who didnt get its Aahaaram due to the unusual activity (functions, parties) at the night, was desparately trying to have its dinner by catching the lizard. Mr. Cat was already ready to pounce on the rat. And a dog for the cat. And followed the wild-dogs.

A Maanthrika was bringing a tiger, which was bounded by his mantra-shakti, to show the King his talent. Since the tiger had no paurusham, the wild dogs tried to attack it. Since the wild-dogs were maintained by the King’s Sainyam, the Maanthrika thought it was a bad idea to put mantram on them and bring them into control. Hearing to all this disturbance, the Sainikas came, and the Manthri reported what happened to the King.

He told the King “Ayya! The reason for all this confusion was the overnight fares, exhibitions we had in our capital yesterday night”. The King was surprised and asked him why he says so. Manthri explained “It is true my Prabhu! Not only because of yesterday night Prabhu, many times now-a-days our younger generation are doing a lot of activity in the night. This is disturbing Nature’s balance. Human being is not a noctornal animal. We must keep in mind that there are others animals living along with us, which are noctornal. Since we are not the only living creatures, it is our duty to give the others also a chance to live”. Immediately the King took action and passed a rule “there must be no jana-sanchaaram after the 1st jhaamu in the night (jhaamu is a measure of time)”.

Morals in the story:

  1. Sarva-bhuutadaya is one of the basic things in our Bhaarateeya-Saampradaayam. We must always live and let live.
  2. If we try to go against the rules of the Nature, the Nature will show its power. Hence in whatever activity we do, we must always make sure not only fellow human-beings, but also the co-existing animals, plants are not affected.

Message to the present society:

Even some thirty-forty years back, majority of Bhaarateeyas use to sleep early, by around 8:30pm and wake up not later than Braahmi-muhurtam, 4:30am. Behind every of our Aachaara, Saampradaayams, there is a very strong Saamaajika, Aarogya, Aadhyaatmika Tattvam. We hence must never leave our Saampradaayam and try to always adhere to it.

Published in: on July 22, 2006 at 6:05 pm  Comments (3)  
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