“Yuddham anivāryam”. Thinking thus, everyone was preparing for the bhīṣhaṇa Mahābhārata Yuddham. To ask for help, both Arjuna, the Daśanāmadheya, and Duryodhana came to Śrī Kṛṣhṇa. Śrī Kṛṣhṇa was sleeping on his śayya and Duryodhana entered His mandiram and waited for the Parandhāma to wake up. Duryodhana sat near Śrī Kṛṣhṇa’s head. Arjuna then came into the śayana mandiram of Śrī Kṛṣhṇa and sat near His feet, with great vinayam. (Sajjana’s never display their strength and greatness.)
Kṛṣhṇa Bhagavān opened His eyes and first saw Arjuna, who was sitting near His feet. He greeted him with great anurāgam and asked him kuśala-praśnas. He then saw Duryodhana, and wished him with the same anurāgam, since both were equally close relatives for Him. Both of them told the reason for their arrival and Śrī Kṛṣhṇa does His sainya vibhajana like this, saying I will offer equal help to both of you:
“There are 10000 Yaduvīras, who are all equal to Me in Vīratvam. They never go against My word and help you in the Yuddham without śakti-vañcana. They all will be on one side and I alone will be on the other. I will never use any Āyudham. I will help as a Rathasārathi”. Śrī Kṛṣhṇa then asks Arjuna to choose which half he wants; then he asks Duryodhana. Ofcourse both of them get exactly what they want. Arjuna chooses Śrī Kṛṣhṇa and Duryodhana was more than happy to take the remaning 10000 Yaduvīras.
If one just plainly reads this story, one may feel since Śrī Kṛṣhna Bhagavān is a Bhakta vatsala, he asked Arjuna to choose first. If one reads the jagat-prasiddha Nīlakaṇṭhī vyākhyānam of this episode, one will come to know about how intricate Dharma sūkṣhmas are and with what firmness great people like Śrī Kṛṣhṇa, Pāṇḍavas, Draupadi, Bhīṣhma and many other such great characters in Mahābhāratam followed the path of Dharma:
Śrī Kṛṣhṇa knows that first He has seen Arjuna and it was Duryodhana who came first. So both must be given equal chance and hence divides his sainyam into two. Now Śrī Kṛṣhṇa addresses Arjuna as Bālaka while asking him to choose first. There is a Śṛti vākyam that says “Pravāraṇam tu bālyānām pūrvam” “Kāryamiti ŚrutiH Tasmātpravāraṇam pūrvam Arjuna Pārtho DhananjayaH”. According to this Śṛti vākyam, a bālaka must be given preference. Since Arjuna was younger than Duryodhana, Arjuna must be given preference according to Dharma. Kṛṣhṇa paramātma, who is Dharma in human form, obviously followed this Dharmasūkṣham and helped both his relatives impartially (samavarti).
Morals in the story:
- Even though Arjuna is His priya Bhakta and Duryodhana did not follow Dharma, Śrī Kṛṣhṇa greeted both of them equally as they were equally close relatives. He divided his sainyan into two to help Arjuna, whom he saw first, and help Duryodhana who came first. This shows us the great satguṇam of Samavartitvam (impartiality).
- The importance that one must give to learn, know and always follow the Dharmam is well shown by Śrī Kṛṣhṇa. He gave Arjuna a chance to choose first according to the above said Śruti vākyam.
- Vinayam brings a Vīra, his śobha. Arjuna by sitting at Śrī Kṛṣhṇa’s feet showed his satguṇam of Vinayam. Duryodhana, even though he went to Śrī Kṛṣhṇa to ask for help, did not show any Vinayam.
- The dṛḍha viśvāsam of Arjuna in Śrī Kṛṣhṇa is shown well: even though he had the chance to choose 10000 Yaduvīras (who were each equal to Śrī Kṛṣhṇa in Vīratvam), he chose Śrī Kṛṣhṇa (who will not use any āyudham).
Message to the present society:
It is always recommended to read our Purāṇas and Itihāsas, in Samskṛtam or Bhāratīya bhāṣhas, with the help of elders, Paṇḍitas and prasiddha (well accepted) Vyākhyānas to know and learn all the Dharmasūkṣhmas well.
Search Terms: Krishna, Neelakanthi, Nilakanti, Nilakanthi, Vyakhyan