(Please read Valmiki’s story before reading this series of stories)
This series of stories on Shri Raama Chandra Murty try to showcase the 16 important sadgunas or the Shodasha-kalas in Shri Raama. Each story represents an instance (out of many) where the particular sadgunam in discussion is well shown by Shri Raama. We strongly recommend the readers to refer to the original Valmiki Raamayana (or Tulasidas, Aadhyaatma, other such well-known Raamayanas) to know the complete story (we briefly outline the story here giving more importance from point of view of Morals).
Dharmagnyah — Vibheeshana Sharanaagati Katha
“Raamo Vigrahavaan Dharmah” (Raama is Dharma devata in human form). The Vibheeshana Shranaagati Katha is the best udaaharanam for the paraakaashtha of Shri Raama’s Dharmagnyata.
Vibheeshana, the Bhaagyashaali, along with his four mantris came near Shri Raama’s Vaanara Sena to ask the Parandhaama for sharanam. From Aakaasham itself he spoke like this “O Svaami! Shri Raama! Raajeeva-lochana! I am the younger brother of Sitaataapahaari, Raavana. They call me Vibheeshana. I have been driven away from my Lanka-desham (panditas say present Australia) by my elder brother. I came to ask you sharanam. Deva! I spoke hita-vaakyas to that Agnyaani. I warned him many times to return Vaidehi to Shri Raama. He, binded by Kaala-paasham, did not listen to me. He raised his Kara-vaalam (sword) to kill me, and drove me away. I am a Mokshaarthi, needing vimukti from Samsaaram and hence came to your sharanam”.
Listening to the words of Vibheeshana, Sugreeva, the parama-sakha for Shri Raama, replied “Raama! He is a maayaavi. Raakshasaadhama. He doesnt deserve your Vishvaasam. In addition, he is the brother of Raavana who is the Sitaapahaari. He is a balashaali. He came with his 4 mantris who are well armed. He can look for a oppurtunity and kill us. Deva! Please give me anugnya. I and other Vaanaras will kill these people. Raama! This is what I think. You tell me what you have decided”.
With a chiru-mandahaasam Shri Raama Chandra replied “Kapishreshtha! I think here there is a suukshma vishayam. This is well known to all Kings, it is lokaprasiddham. (He goes on to tell the reasons for giving Sharanaagati to Vibheeshana).
Sugreeva! The Kopotam did atithi satkaaram to the Vyaadha (who killed his own wife!) when he came to him. When this Kapotam itself did like that, then why to ask about me? (I too will do the same).
Kanduva maharshi is a Satyavaadi. He once sang some Dharmasammata Divya gaadhas. Please listen to them:
O Shatrusamhaaraka Raaja! A person who doesnt want to be a Kruura must not harm a person who came for sharanam, even if he is the greatest enemy. An uttama must save the person who came as a sharanaagati, whether he is an aarta or a garvita, if required by giving his own life.
If a person who gives sharanam doesnt protect the person who came for sharanam, either due to Bhayam, or Agnyaanam, or some Vaancha, or by not using his entire sva-shakti, will earn both apakiirti and Paapam and additionally gives away all his punyam to the person who is under sharanam. Also this will lead to the destruction of Balam and Viryam of the person who gave the false sharanam.
Doing as suggested by Kanduva maharshi is Dharmasammatam and it also increases Keerti and Punyam.
(Till now Shri Raama explained why giving sharanam is Dharmasammatam. Now Shri Raama explains why He must give sharanam to Vibheeshana.)”.
If anyone comes to My sharanam and says “I am yours”; I will protect him from everything. This is my Vratam (Recollect from this story — this is one of the Mahaagunam of Paramaatma, Sharanyata). Even if the person who came is Raavana in disguise, bring him. I will give him sharanam and protect him.”
Story of Kapotam (mentioned by Shri Raama):
(This is a long story beautifully explained in Mahabhaaratam; we only mention it briefly here)
Once upon a time there used to live a Kapota and a Kapoti on the branches of a Mahaavruksham. One day the Kapoti was killed by a Vyaadha. The Kapota was worried why Kapoti was late to return home and was waiting eagerly near the Vruksham. After a long time the Vyaadha (who killed the Kapoti) came under the shade of the Vruksham, since there was heavy rain. The Kapoti, who was struggling for her own life and was in the basket of the Vyaadha, saw that the Vyaadha was shivering because of cold. She then signals her husband the Kapota to try and remove the difficulty of the Vyaadha. Kapota then brought many dry leaves, created a small fire and tried to give some warmth to the Vyaadha. It then jumped into the fire and offered itself as aahaaram to the Vyaadha.
This story was told by Kanduva maharshi while explaining the Dharmas of Gruhasthaashramam. This very example was given by Shri Raama to Sugreeva.
Discussion on the story:
A person will fear that he will get Loka-ninda if he doesnt follow Raaja-Dharmam. He will fear Kula-ninda if he doesnt follow Kula-Dharmam. Similarly there may be a motive for following Samaajika-Dharmam, Gruha-Dharmam etc.
But Vrata-Dharmam (Niyamam) is something which a person imposses on himself (ofcourse he must impose something which is Dharmasammatam, like Shri Raama). Nobody will ask him if he doesnt follow it. Hence it is Paramotkrushtam. Shri Raama Chandra Murty’s Dharmagnyata is hence best showed through this example of He giving sharanam to Vibheeshana, just to follow His Vrata-Dharmam.
Aaha! This Dharmagnyata of Shri Raama chandra is difficult to even imagine/dream. Jayaho Shri Raama Chandra Murty. Jayaho Shri Raama Chandra Murty.
Sadgunam to be learnt: Dharmagnyata
Search Terms: Rama, Vibhishana, Sugriva, Sugreeva, saranam, Sodasa, Shodasa