After the great Rushabha maharaja, one of the 21 important avatars of Mahaavishnu, His prathama putra, Bharata, did Raajya-paalanam of this Bhuumandalam very well. He followed his ancestors and never deviated from the path of Dharma and Satyam, with the anugraham of Shri Hari and Viprottamas. Before Bharata, this Bhuubhaagam used to be known as “Ajanaabha”. Because Bharata ruled it, it got the name BHAARATA VARSHAM.
During that time a Raaja by name Vishvaruupa, who was like Chandra in the group of Kings, used to be there. His putrika was Panchajani. Bharata, in a su-muhuurtam, did Kalyaanam with Panchajani. Similar to how Panchatanmaatras (Shabdam, Sparsha, Ruupam, Rasam, Gandham) are born out of Ahankaaram, Bharata had five putras — Sumati (Indradyumna was the putra of Sumati), Raashtra-bhrutt, Sudarshana, Aacharana, Dhuumraketu through Panchajani.
Bharata also did many Yagnyas, Yaagas for the benifit of his Raajyam and praja. He did all the satkarmas which need to be done at Amaavaasya and Pournima. He did all Agnihotras that are supposed to be done in Chaaturmaasyams. He did many Pashuyaagams, Somayaagams and did many great Daanams in them. As recommended by our Shaastras, he never did any of these Karmas with Svaartham and did “Parameshvara-arpanam” of these Karmas. Thinking about the greatness of Paramaatma, with Bhaktimaya-Hrudayam, he used to do Raajya-paalana.
Like this, with Satya-nishtha, Dharma-diiksha and Daiva-bhakti, he ruled the Bhaarata Varsham for 5000000000 years! (see this story to know Bhaarateeya Kaala-maanam)
He then divided his Raajyam among his 5 putras, left ananta-aishvaryam, palaces and other Bhogas and left for Pulaha-aashramam. In search of Mukti-maargam, with Vairaagyam, he left his house, sons and all bhogas and took Vaanaprastham. Though it was difficult to leave his sons and go away, knowing that all what we see is nothing but Vishnu-maaya, he controlled himself and left for Tapas at Pulaha-aashramam.
Shrimannaaraayana, in pratyaksha-ruupam, stays at Pulaha-aashramam and blesses the Bhaktas. The great Gandakii-nadii, which has many Saalagraamams, flows just beside Pulaha-aashramam. Staying there alone, Bharata did ekaanta-seva of Srimannaaraayana. He used to do Archana of Mahaavishnu with Pushpam, Toyam, Tulasi-dalam, Tiirtha-jalam, Kamalam, Phalam. Because of Bhagavat-bhakti, slowly he lost all his desires, stayed away from arishadvargas and gained Shama-Dama aadi gunas. He used to experience Paramaanandam.
Kaalamahima is great. Vidhi cannot be changed. Everyone must completely experience the result of his Punya-paapam. However if one has Bhagavat-krupa, God will only show us way in our difficulties, remove our durgunas and take us near to Kaivalyam. Bharata’s story is a perfect example of how strong is Praarabdham:
One day Bharata as usual was doing snaanam in Gandakii-nadii. He stood in water and did Pranava-japam for 3 Muhuurta-kaalam. Then a deer, who was pregnant, came and started drinking water from the Nadi. Suddenly it heard the heart-breaking roar of a lion and with fright it tried to jump. Due to the fear, the baby deer fell out and the mother deer hit a near by stone and died. Bharata took pity on the helpless baby deer and started doing poshana of it. He knew that it is his duty and a Punya kaaryam to save the life of a deer.
However Bharata slowly became more and more attracted towards it. He used to always think about it — while sitting, sleeping, taking bath, collecting Samidhas, fruits, leaves, while bringing water, during Daiva-praarthana. Even during Japam he used to think about the deer! He used to always protect the deer from wild animals. Slowly he left doing Dhyaanam, forgot his dina-charya, Nitya-karma.
He forgot the very reason why he left his Raajyam, sons, Bhogas etc. and came to the forests. Though he left Moham of the Raajya-bhogas, he developed greater Moham on the deer. Aaha! Karma-bandham is great.
Finally, the day when Bharata had to leave his physical body came. While leaving his praanam, he looked at the deer as his own son. He was only thinking about the deer and left his life. As a result, in his next janma he was born as a deer. However because of his ananta-Punyam, he had poorva-janma-smruti.
(to be continued… Keep reading to know how ultimately Bharata got Moksham)
Morals in the story:
- One must have Satya-nishtha, Dharma-Diiksha and Bhagavat-bhakti. With these Satgunas, Bharata was able to rule the Bhaarata Varsham for a very long time and gained ananta-keerti.
- The Vairaagya buddhi of Bhaarateeyas and greatness of our Saampradaayam is shown in this story, through the Vaanaprastha-aashramam. People used to leave all the materialistic bhogas etc. and search for Moksha maargam.
- Vishnu-maaya is great. We must always be careful and do Karma, but not being interested in the materialistic aspects of it. Even for the great Bharata controlling Moham was difficult.
Search Terms: Bharatha, Rishabha, Bhaaratha, Ajanabha,