Bhuu Daana Mahima

A person who gives daanam of a Bhuu-khandam that is sasya-sampuurnam (filled with useful plants, Vrukshas) and has many Phala-Vrukshams, to a Satpaatra (deserved one) will surely get Brahmapadam. An example of this is the following story told by Bruhaspati to Devendra:

There used to be a huge Shaalmalii-vruksham in a deep forest in Maalavadesham. Its spread was huge and it was the aashrayam for many many birds, insects and other creatures. There used to live a Shukam (parrot) by name “Taamratundam” on one of the branches of the Shaalmalii-vruksham.

Taamratundam used to feed its children with the grains it used to collect. While it used to put the grains into the mouth of its children, some grains use to fall down. In Varsha-rutu, the grains sprouted and a tiny paddy-crop was created. Once with hunger and exhaustion, a Gomaata (a cow) reached the shade of the Shaalmalii-vruksham. It was happy to see the plants that grew from the grains spilled by Taamratundam. She ate them to her satisfaction and went away. Then a Braahmana came there and collected the grains that were left over by the Gomaata and did Pancha-yagnyams using them!

Due to Kaala-dharmam, after some time, Taamratundam died. Because of its Punya-phalam, it was born as a Vaishya by name “Dhanika”, who was a Dharmaatma. Dhanika was a Mahaa-yasha, a Mahaa-teja and had puurva-janma-smruti. Hence he did many many Bhuu-daanams to Viprottamas. He gave fertile lands that had many useful plants and trees. Finally he reached Vishnu-lokam.

Devendra continued: Just because Taamratundam, Agnyaanavashatah, dropped few grains and the plants which grew from them were used by others, it got Moksham. What will be the Punyam of a person who does Bhuu-daanam of a Bhuumi that had many plants and tress? Even the Vishva-adhika, Paramashiva, also cannot tell how much!

The greatness of Bhuu-daanam to a Satpaatra is well shown in the story. Even though it did unknowingly, Taamratundam got Bhuu-daana-phalam!

Published in: on August 21, 2006 at 11:59 pm  Comments Off on Bhuu Daana Mahima  

Vidyaa Daana Mahima

A person who does Vidyaa-daanam to a satpaatra (deserved one), is considered to be a Shreshtha. Because of such a Vidyaa-daata, 100 Vamshams will be saved. Of the daatas a Vidyaa-pradaata is like Mahaavishnu in Devatas, Shri Mahaalakshmi in strii-jaati.

In the previous Kalpam, there used to be a braahmana by name “Sangira”. He used to do dustarkam with Panditas. Though he didnt have enough gnyaanam he used to have durahankaaram that he was a Gnyaani. He was a Hetuvaadi. He never thought about paramaartham and always tried to do dustarkam and show his greatness.

He used to do Veda-ninda! He used to say Vedas were written by humans!! Similarly Smrutis. He also used to do Puraana-ninda and Itihaasa-parihaasam. Without Lajja and Bhayam he used to take wrong meanings of Sadvishayams and do their duushana. Panditas used to close their ears unable to bear the words of this fellow. In those days, the shiksha for such people was Desha-bahishkaaram, since if he is left, he will spoil the others too. Thus Sangira was pushed out of Bhaarata-desham.

Sangira reached Mleccha-desham. There also he continued his Kutarkam and finally vidhivashah died there only. Reaching Yamalokam, crossing the Vaitaranii-nadi, itself was difficult for this paapi. Finally he reached Yamalokam. Yamadharmaraaja, the Samavarti, ordered that he must experience all the shikshas that were there, since there is no paapa-kaaryam which he didnt do! The klesham Sangira experienced in Naarakam is undescribable. There was no end to these shikshas. Howmuch ever the Yama-kinkaras tortured, Sangira’s paapam was not decreasing. Even the others in the Narakam used to say “he is a mahaa-paapi” (because he was experiencing many new shikshas which they never experienced).

Once, Shataananda, the putra of Gautama maharshi and Ahalyaa Devi, and the Purohita of Janaka maharaja, came there. Being a Dayaardra-hrudaya, he was not able to see the difficulties of the people in the Narakam. He also saw Sangira, due to the small Punyam Sangira did.

Shataananda then did bodha of Shiva-vidya to the people in the Narakam. Just because of Shiva-vidyaa-shravanam, Narakalokam became Naakalokam (Svargam)!! Sangira did pranaamam to Shataananda, the Shiva-vidyaa-pradaata and became a Punyaatma.

Our Shaastras say:

  1. Shilpa-vidyaa-daanam gives Brahmaloka-praapti
  2. Kalaa-vidyaa-daanam gives Vishnuloka-praapti
  3. Aayurveda-vidyaa-daanam gives Ayaachakaloka-praapti
  4. Tarka and Miimaamsa shaastra bodha gives Vaarunaloka-praapti
  5. Dharma-shaastra bodha gives Swargalokam and saves Pitru-devatas from Narakam for 10 Manvantarams
  6. Veda-vidyaa-daanam gives Swargaloka-nivaasam for 3 Kalpams
  7. Aatma-vidyaa-daana phalitam cannot be counted (Sankhyaatiitam)!
  8. Brahma-vidyaa-daanam gives phalam of doing all daanams!!

Vidyaa-daana-phalam is got by following things too: an Upaadhyaaya who makes Vidyaarthis study well, giving Anna-daanam or Vastra-daanam to Vidyaarthis, Grantha-daanam to a satpaatra, organizing puraana-pravachanams by Panditas etc.

Morals in the story:

  1. The greatness of Vidyaa-daanam is well shown in the story. Even a Mahaapaapi like Sangira can be saved by doing Vidyaa-bodha.
  2. Veda, Puraana, Itihaasa duushanam is a Mahaapaapam. We must be very careful to be away from these.
  3. Ahankaaram is the root cause of everything. Due to the Ahankaaram of being a Pandita, Sangira tried to de Kutarkam and show his greatness. Hence we must always have Vinayam.
Published in: on August 20, 2006 at 10:03 pm  Comments (1)  

Story of Sunandana

Once upon a time, there used to live a sadbraahmana by name Sunandana in Meghankaram. He was a Saaranga-paani Bhakta (Paramashiva bhakta). He used to do archana of Parama Shiva, who was in the form of Saaranga-paani in Meghankaram. Sunandana was a Pandita, Veda-vedaanga nipuna and a Shuddha Brahmachaari. Hence was doing Nitya paaraayana of the 11th Adhyaayam of Shri Bhagavat-gita.

Once he went on a Teertha-yaatra to Kaantaasthali. It is the pavitra-kshetram where there prasiddha-aalayam of Shri Mahaalakshmi. A guide showed Sunandana the pavitra-kshetram and many siddha-pradeshams in it. He also told that the Nadi-jalam is very sweet and the people are good. However he advised Sunandana not to stay for the night and he added that even if he wanted, the villagers will not allow him to stay in the graama-satram.

Sunandana didnt understand why and requested the graama-adhikaari to grant him permission to stay in the satram. Finally Sunandana managed to convince the adhikaari. The adhikaari said “may be you are the person” and unwillingly gave his permission. Sunandana slept in the satram for that night and as usual woke up the next day before Suuryodayam.

However the villagers were awe-struck to see Sunandana alive. They requested Sunandana to give vimukti to Bhimamukha and told his story:

Bhimamukha was an ordinary Karshaka. Once when he was involved in doing his work in the fields near the satram, a Vruddha came there. Unfortunately, a vulture sees the Vruddha, who was not even having enough strength to walk, and attacks him. However Bhimamukha, being capable of saving the Vruddha, doesnt help him, because of being involved in his farming. Seeing this, a Sanyaasi who was passing near-by wanted to teach Bhimamukha a lesson so that no one will repeat such mistakes. He gives Bhimamukha a shaapam that he will become a raakshasa and a Nara-bhakshaka!

The shaapam of Bhimamukha turned out to be a shaapam for the villagers instead, because Bhimamukha was eating away the villagers one-by-one. All the villagers then ask the Sanyaasi for Sharanam. Sanyaasi gives abhayam and says that Bhimamukha will not cross the satram’s boundary and will only eat people who stay there in the night. Also when a Gnyaani who really has knowledge about Bhagavat-vishvaruupam comes, Bhimamukha will get vimukti.

Listening to this, Sunandana gives Vimukti to Bhimamukha and when aksed by Bhimamukha how he got so much Gnyaanam about Bhagavat-vishvaruupam, tells like this: “I used to do paaraayana of 11th Adhyaayam of Bhagavat-gita. Because of that I have gained this Gnyaanam. However since a perfect Brahmachaari, a Veda-vedaanga-tattvagnya and a Shiva-bhakta can only read it, ordinary people can do the smarana of ‘Sthavishthah’ naamam in Vishnu-sahasra-naamam instead and get the same phalam”.

Thus knowing the greatness of Vishnu-sahasra-naamam and in particular, the naamam of ‘sthavishthah’, the villagers and Bhimamukha do Naama-paarayana and get ananta-phalam.

Morals in the story:

  1. We must always do paropakaaram. Being capable of saving the Vruddha, Bhimamukha, being involved in his work, didnt save him. As told by this Sanyaasi, this is very bad.
  2. The greatness of Vishnu Sahasra naamam is well shown in the story. It is our adrushtam, that Bheeshma-aachraya and Veda Vyaasa gave us this ananta-nidhi. Especially in Kaliyugam Naama-sankeertanam is the easiest way for Mukti.
Published in: on August 19, 2006 at 9:31 pm  Comments Off on Story of Sunandana  

Destruction of Dwaaraka

Paramaatma does shrushti, sthiti, layam of this Brahmaandam. An example of this, Shri Krishna Paramaatma Himself showed us — He only created Dwaaraka, protected it and finally destroyed it.

We will see how Dwaaraka was destroyed:

Dwaavarka-vaasi praja, Yaadavas saw very closely Shri Krishna protecting them everytime they were in trouble (see Krishna leela stories). God protects somebody expecting that in turn he will protect somebody else and do paropakaaram (see this too). But Yaadavas got Garvam that always Shri Krishna will protect them! Aaha! even great people who had the adrushtam of being in the company of Shri Krishna had to finally succumb to Ahankaaram. So we being normal people must be more careful and always have Vinayam.

Once, Shri Vishvaamitra maharshi, Shri Vasishtha maharshi, Shri Kanva maharshi, Shri Bhrugu maharshi, Shri Duurvaasa maharshi, Shri Angiirasa maharshi, Shri Kashyapa maharshi, Shri Vaamadeva maharshi, Shri Atri maharshi and Shri Naarada maharshi came to Pindaaraka-kshetram. Instead of respecting,doing seva of these maharshis, Yaadavas make Saamba, the Jaambavati-putra, dress like a pregnant woman. They take Saamba near the maharshis and ask Them to bless the woman with a good child. Seeing that the Yaadavas were making fun of Sajjanas, who need to be respected, to teach them a lesson, They give a shaapam that Saamba will give birth to a ‘musalam’. And because of it only the Yaadava vasham entirely will perish.

Exactly as the maharshis said, Samba gave birth to a ‘musalam’. Seeing the anarthas that may come, Yaadavas try to melt the ‘musalam’ — however they leave one piece which Jaara, an aatavika, picks and uses as the sharp edge of his arrow. From the other remains of the ‘musalam’ sharp grass plants grow.

Once Yaadavas take a Maadaka-dravyam by name “Maireyakam”. Driven by it, they start fighting amongst each other. Finally they pick up the sharp grass, grown by the remains of the ‘musalam’, and kill each other! Like this everyone dies in the petty fight. Though they were Vivekas, had many Sadgunams, and were close relatives to Shri Krishna, in the effect of the Maadaka-dravyam, they kill each other in the petty quarrel. Seeing this, with Vairaagyam, Balaraamadeva, the avataar of Mahaavishnu, leaves His shariiram and goes to Vaikuntham. Jaara, thinking that a deer is hiding behind the bushes, shoots Shri Krishna’s leg, with the arrow whose end was made with the ‘musalam’. Shri Krishna also then leaves to Vaikuntham. Finally, the apuurva Dwaaraka Nagaram always gets submerged in water.

Morals in the story:

  1. Ahankaaram is very dangerous. We must be very very careful to be away from it. As we saw in the story, it doesnt even spare great people like the Yaadavas.
  2. Respecting elders and the Sajjanas is very important. Yaadavas, instead of doing seva of the great Maharshis, made fun of them. This only lead to their destruction.
  3. Taking drugs (Maadaka-dravyam), or Suraapaanam, make a person loose his thinking capability. People in their effect can do any paapa-kaaryam. Due to the effect of Maireyakam, the Yaadavas, who are otherwise Vivekas and Veeras, fought against each other and killed themselves.

Search Terms: Dwaraka, Dvaraka, Dvaaraka, Yadava, Balarama

Published in: on August 18, 2006 at 10:30 pm  Comments (5)  

Somu’s krutagnyata

Once upon a time in a village near Mathura, there used to live a snake charmer by name Bhiimayya. He and his family used to live on the money earned by playing the cobra snake only. On a shubha-muhuurtam, Bhiimayya and his wife got a son. They named him Somu. Somu used to play with the cobra. He also saw how much help the cobra was doing to their family, in the form enabling them to earn a living.

Unfortunately, when Somu was still a kid, his mother died. Bhiimayya and Somu were very sad. However time moves on. Somu started to do few things by himself. Bhiimayya, because there was no one to control him, took to some bad habits. He married another woman and left for the city, leaving both Somu and the cobra, which gave him food all this while.

Somu, being a baalaka, didnt know what bad is. He had a pure heart. He was not able to leave the cobra which can them food all this while. But what can a small boy do? He didnt even have food to eat for himself. He thought that atleast if he left the snake near an ant-hill, it will find some food and slowly get mixed with other snakes. If he keeps it with himself, he may not be able to feed it well.

Though he didnt like to leave the cobra, he decided to do hitam to the cobra and left it near an ant hill. The cobra, which never lived on its own, didnt know where to go. Seeing this, in no time a vulture came to eat away the cobra. Immediately Somu ran back to protect the cobra. He didnt care about himself. Finally Somu saved the cobra.

Showing Krutagnyata is the very minimum one can do to others. Bhiimayya, being able to do poshana of Somu and the cobra, left them. Whereas Somu was not able to leave it — he always remembered that they used to earn their living on it.

As we grow big, we tend to loose the Mrudu-hrudayam we had in our childhood. Hence our Shaastras suggest to teach kids good when small. So that even when they grow big, they will try to be good. Bringing a change in Bhiimayya’s behaviour will be very hard than doing the same for Somu.

Published in: on August 17, 2006 at 11:59 pm  Comments Off on Somu’s krutagnyata  

The story of Prataapabhaanu

This is a very praachiina-gaadha, told by Parama Shiva to Shri Paarvatii Devi. Satyaketa used to rule the Raajyam of Kaikaya. He was a Dharmaatma, Tejaswi, Balashaali, Susheela. He had two putras: Prataapabhaanu was the jyeshtha putra. Arimardana was his younger brother. Both of them also were great Yoddhas and had many Sadgunams. Also their Aikamatyam is apuurvam. They never had any quarrels between themselves. After making Prataapabhaanu the King, Satyaketa took Vaanaprastham.

Prataapabhaanu’s matri was Dharmaruchi. He was equal to Shukraacharya in Raajaneeti. With the help of Arimardana, Dharmaruchi and the Chaturanga-bala-sainyam, Prataapabhaanu used to do Dharmapaalanam of the Sapta-dviipams. All the other Kings used to pay him taxes. All this praja were happy. Dharmaruchi was a great Shri Hari Bhakta. Because of Dharmaruchi, Prataapabhaanu did many Satkaaryas, Daanams, Tiirthams, Devata-archana and Yagnyas with Bhakti. Prataapabhaanu was a viveka and hence did “Bhagavat-arpanam” of all his Karma.

One day Prataapabhaanu went for Mrugayaa-vihaaram. He did vadha of only those animals which were Vadhaarham according to the Shaastras. Vidhivashah he saw a wild-pig and tried to kill it using his Dhanurbaanam. But he could not; everytime he missed it. Prataapabhaanu, who fought many fierce Yuddhams, was not able to catch a mere wild-pig. The wild-pig ran into deep forest and Prataapabhaanu followed it. Because he was a Dhiira, he followed it into the very dangerous deep jungle too. The wild-pig then ran into a cave and Prataapabhaanu could no more follow it. Prataapabhaanu got separated from his army and got lost in the jungle. He was very thirsty and exhausted. He became unconscious and gained consciousness after sometime. He then found an aashramam in the jungle.

Vidhivashah, it was the place where a Kapata Raaja, who was once defeated by Prataapabhaanu, was living. He had antah-krodham, antah-shatrutvam on Prataapabhaanu. He immediatelty identified that the one who came is Prataapabhaanu. However Prataapabhaanu didnt recognise the Kapata Sanyaasi (the enemy King). Seeing the Sanyaasi, Prataapabhaanu did Yathaavidhi namaskaaram. The Kapata Sanyaasi welcomed Prataapabhaanu and asked to take snaanam in the near by pushkarani. After snaanam he gave cool water to Prataapabhaanu.

The Kuhana-sanyaasi (Kapata-sanyaasi) then took Prataapabhaanu into his aashramam and with Mrudu-vachanas asked kushala-prashnas to Prataapabhaanu. Prataapabhaanu, following Raaja Neeti, told “I am Prataapabhaanu’s mantri. I came for Mrugayaa and got lost. It is my adrushtam that I found you here”. The Kuhana-sanyaasi replied “Your Raajyam is 10 yojanas from here! So please take rest for tonight and leave tomorrow”. Prataapabhaanu is a Nishkapati, whereas the Sanyaasi was a Kapati. Sanyaasi replied “I am a Bhikaari. Nirdhana. I took Sanyaasam and came to this forest to do Daiva-dhyaanam”. Prataapabhaanu did seva to the Sanyaasi and said “you are a great Sanyaasi. You are a dhanya”. Seeing that Prataapabhaanu believed his Kapata-vesham, Sanyaasi continued “I have been here for a long time. No one came here other than you”.

A peacock looks beautiful, but its aahaaram is a snake. Even a viveka like Prataapabhaanu could not see who actually the Kapata-sanyaasi was.

The Kapata-sanyaasi started telling Dharma, Hita-vaakyams. He said “Shri Hari is Paramaatma. There is nothing greater than Him”. Prataapabhaanu was impressed listening to the words of the Sanyaasi. The Kuhana-sanyaasi continued “Sodara! I am Ekatanu”. Prataapabhaanu asked the meaning of Ekatanu. The Baka-dhyaani continued “I was there since the start of this Shrushti. I have never left this shariiram. Hence people know me as Ekatanu. Dont be surprised, nothing is impossible through Tapasshakti”. Prataapabhaanu’s anuraagam on the Kapata increased with these words. The Kapata Sanyaasi then told Prataapabhaanu many Puraanams, Itihaasams, did Vyaakhyaanam about Gnyaanam, Vairaagyam. He also told many many ashtonishing stories about Shrushti-sthiti-laya in detail. Prataapabhaanu then completely came into the control of the Kapata-sanyaasi.

Prataapabhaanu said “I am Prataapabhaanu”. Sanyaasi then said “you did a correct thing by not disclosing your name previously. You know Raaja-neeti. Giving your identity to strangers may lead to the destruction of your Raajyam and praja. I am happy with you”. Prataapabhaanu was also happy with the Kapata-sanyaasi’s reply. The Baka-dhyaani continued “your father is Satyaketa. You came for Mrugayaa and got lost due to the wild-pig. I know all this due to my Guru-krupa. Please ask me a Varam, I will grant it to you”.

Prataapabhaanu did namaskaaram and replied “O Dayaa saagara! Your darshanam is durlabham. Make my shariiram Jaraa-marana-rahitam! No one must be able to defeat me and make me Eka-chatraadhipati of this Bhuumandalam for 100 Kalpams“. Kuhana-sanyaasi said “tathaastu. Mrutyu wont come near you. But there is one problem. Viprottamas have a lot of Tapas-shakti. It will be difficult to make them your Vasham. Except Vipra-shaapam, nothing can destroy you. Not even Yamadharmaraaja”. Seeing Prataapabhaanu’s aanandam, Kuhana-sanyaassi continued “dont tell this to anyone. Else I am not responsible for the consequences. If you tell this to anyone else, you will get many difficulties”.

Prataapabhaanu said “Muniishvara! I have one doubt. How to bring a Viprottama into my control?”. “There are many many ways. One simple thing I can tell you. But I have never stepped in anybody’s house till now. And without me it will be difficult” replied the Kapata-sanyaasi. “Greater people must show mercy on the lesser ones. How Bhuumi bears the sands, how Parvatas support the grass, similarly bear me”. Kapata-sanyaasi replied “Since you believe me 100%, I am accepting. But Mantram, Yogam, Yukti and Tapas must always be done in secret. They only one gets its phalam. So do this. Invite 1 lakh Viprottamas everyday for Anna-daanam for 1 year. If you do this, not only the Vipras who eat, but also their entire family will come under your control. Automatically Devatas will come into your control, because you do seva to Viprottamas who do Havan, Yagnyam Puuja and Daiva-seva. I will do apaharanam of your purohita with my maaya-shakti, take his form and cook food for these invited people everyday for 1 year. Dont tell this to anybody and three days from now you will have my Darshan again. Also, after you sleep tonight, I will take you to your Antahpuram with my Tapas-shakti and leave you there”. Prataapabhaanu, happy with the kapata-sanyaasi’s words, slept happily.

Then Kaalaketa rakshasa, the mitra of the Kapata-sanyaasi, who took the form of a wild-pig and made Prataapabhaanu loose his path, came. He had many maaya-shaktis. He had 100 putras and 10 Bhraatas. All of them are dushtas and ajeyas. Once they did himsa of Devatas, Sajjanas and Braahmanas — so Prataapabhaanu killed all of them. Hence both the Kapata-sanyaasi and Kaalaketa raakshasa have krodham on Prataapabhaanu and now they united to destroy him. Poor Prataapabhaanu did not know this.

Kaalaketu said “mitrama now take rest. You did as we planned. Now on the 4th day i’ll meet you after destroying Prataapabhaanu along with his family”. He with his maaya-shakti, took the form of Purohita, hid the real Purohita in a cave and moved Prataapabhaanu to his bed in his palace. Prataapabhaanu after waking up, thought everything was happening as planned. For 3 days he spent his time doing Dhyaanam of the Kapata-sanyaasi (instead of God!). He invited 1 lakh Braahmanottamas. Kaalaketu cooked tasty food with 4 curries using his maaya. However he mixed flesh of many animals and Braahmanas. Prataapabhaanu welcomed and served the aahaaram to the Viprottamas. Then an Akaashavaani created by Kaalaketu said “donot eat this aahaaram it has Vipra-maamsam”. Without thinking Viprottamas gave shaapam to Prataapabhaanu “along with your family become a Raakshasa. In one year you, along with your family will die and no one will be left to give you tarpanam too”. Prataapabhaanu became very sad. Then real Aakaashavaani said “there is no mistake of Prataapabhaanu. without thinking you gave shaapam”. Prataapabhaanu ran inside and saw that there was no food, no Purohita and everything was maaya.

The Viprottamas replied “even though it was not your mistake, Vidhi cannot be changed. Kaala-mahima is great. One must experience the result of his paapam-punyam. Our shaapam cannot be taken back”. Knowing this, the Kapata-sanyaasi, along with other Kings, attacked Prataapabhaanu. Prataapabhaanu and his family died in the fierce battle.

Prataapabhaanu took birth as Raavana and Arimardana as Kumbhakarana. Dharmaruchi became Vibheeshana, the great Bhakta of Shri Raama Chandra. Prataapabhaanu’s family became raakshas and did many paapa-karyams.

(this was the reason for Raama-avataar in one of the Kalpams. Kalpa-antara-bhedam in Raamaayana, Bhaarata Kathas are hence usual).

Morals in the story:

  1. “Duraasha leads to difficulties”. For a human, aasha is necessary. But “ati sarvatra varjate”. Though Prataapabhaanu had everything — he was ruler of entire Bhuumandalam, he had great aishvaryam, good brother and Mantri, used to do Dharma-paalana, had everything, still he wanted more and asked the Kapata-sanyaasi for more.
  2. We must be very careful and choose a Guru/teacher/Purohita. With pralobham of being ruler of earth for 100 Kalpams, Prataapabhaanu blindly believed the “unknown” Sanyaasi, leaving his own Purohita, Mantri and Guru. Especially he being a King must be more careful, since his entire Raajyam will depend on him.
  3. Kapata buddhi is well shown in this story through the words of the Kuhana-sanyaasi. Kapatam is a very bad durgunam. (See this story, where God punishes a Kapata)
  4. One must be careful about enemies (either bahih-shatru or antah-shatru like Kaamam, Krodham etc.). They can anytime cause our destruction. So we must always have a check on them.
  5. The importance Bhaarateeyas give to Parishubhrata is also shown in this story. Though Prataapabhaanu was exhausted, he took snaanam in the pushkarini and then had the jalam to quench his thirst.

Search Terms: Ravana, Prathapabhanu, Pratapabhanu, Vibhishana, Vibhiishana

Published in: on August 16, 2006 at 11:59 pm  Comments (5)  

Maata-Pita seva is alone enough!

This Dharma-rahasya katha, known as “Pitrutiirtha Katha”, was first told by Mahaavishnu to Vena-chakravarti, then to Shaunaka-aadi munis by Shri Suuta Muni.

In the pavitra-punya-kshetram, Kurukshetram, there used to be a Viprottama by name “Kundala”. His putra was a gunavanta by name “Sukarma”. Doing seva of his Maata-pita, who were very old, was his Vratam. He got sakala-samruddhi by doing Pitru-seva.

At that time, “Pippala” did ghora-Tapas for 3000 years, being a Jitaahaari, Jitamatsara and Jitendriya. Devatas did pushpa-varsham seeing his divya-tapas. Pippala asked the Devatas to make him a Vidyaadhara. He also asked to make the Vishvam his aadhiinam. Devatas granted him the Varam, he was made a Vidyaadhara and whatever he wanted used to be in his Vasham.

However Pippala thought there is no one to match him and got antar-Garvam. Once seeing the antar-Garvam of Pippala, a Saarasa-pakshi came near him and said “O Dvija! Why are you having so much Garvam? Garvam will lead to your downfall. You dont have the proper gnyaanam to make Vishvam into your Vasham. This is because you dont know ‘Arvaachiina-Paraachiina’ gnyaanam.

Sukarma, the putra of Kundala, knows about Arvaachiina-Paraachiina and hence this entire Vishvam is in his Vasham. Indeed there is no one to match Sukarma in the Bhuulokam. He is a Pitru-Maatru-sevaarata, Punyaatma, Vignyaani. What gnyaanam that the baalaka, Sukarma has, you also dont have. So leave this useless Garvam”.

Not liking these words Pippala replied “Who are you? Why are you doing my ninda. Are you Brahma, Vishnu or Maheshvara? Can you tell me what is Arvaachiinam-Paraachiinam?”. Saarasa-pakshi replied “I am not going to tell. Come with me to Sukarma, he will tell you”. Both of them reached Sukarma’s house:

Pippala saw the Punyaatma, Sukarma, who was doing Paada-seva of his Maata-Pita. Sukarma did Yathaavidhi Atithi satkaaram to Pippala and answered his question. (He told Pippala that the Saarasa-pakshi is Brahmadeva and explained what is Vishvaavasham and Arvaachiinam-Paraachiinam)

Pippala, surprised, asked Sukarma how he got so much gnyaanam. Sukarma replied “I did not do any Tapas nor Shariira-shoshanam. I didnt do any Vratas. I only know one thing — Maata-Pita seva and puuja:

  1. I do snaanam with the water which my maata-pita use for snaanam. This gives me Bhaagiirathii-snaana phalam.
  2. By doing Jananii-janaka puuja, one gets phalam of doing all Yaagams and doing Veda-pathanam.
  3. The place where Maata-pita of a bhaktiyukta putra live, are equal to Ganga, Gaya-kshetram, Pushkara-tiirtham.
  4. The putra who gives Mrushta-annam and satisfies his Maata-Pita, will get Ashvamedha Yaaga phalam.
  5. There is no tiirtham in Iham or Param, which is greater than Maata-pita.
  6. A place where Maata-pita are worshipped, there sarva-Devatas will be worshipped.
  7. One can do poshana of Trijagas by doing Pitru-sushruusha.
  8. A putra, whose character/nature/sadgunams gives happiness to parents, is one who follows all Dharmas.
  9. A Putra who eats Mrushta-annam before (without giving) his Maata-pita is a paapi.
  10. A putra who does ninda of Maata-pita will have to experience 1 crore janmams as a Grudhra (vulture)”.

We must always give santosham to our Maata, not make her angry. We know how the great Sarpa-kumaaras (one kind of snakes) had to die in the Sarpa-yaagam, due to Maatru-shaapam. We know how great is ‘Puuru’, who gave happiness to Yayaati and what difficulties other sons like Yadu had to face because of Yayaati-shaapam.

We also know how Upamanyu and Dhruva, in childhood only, got Iishvara darshanam and Vishnu darshanam respectively. This was because they listened to their Maata. Karna got ananta-kiirti due to his Maata, Raadha, seva. Arjuna too got Vijayam due to his Maatru-vaakya-paalanam.

Maata is tiirtham. Pita is Guru. After taking their permission only a putra must attend to other Dharmas. I got all this gnyaanam only through Maata-pita seva. You also do Pitru-sushruusha”. Feeling bad for his unnecessary Garvam, and Agnyaanam Pippala went away.

Morals in the story:

  1. Importance of Maata-Pita seva is well shown by Sukarma. He achieved more gnyaanam than a Vidyaadhara (who is supposed to know all Vidyas), just by doing Maata-Pita seva.
  2. Garvam, Dambham and Ahankaaram lead to one’s downfall. Hence we must always have Vinayam. We must remember that there will always be someone greater than us. Brahmadeva told Pippala, who had Garvam that he had Vishva-vashitvam, that Sukarma had greater gnyaanam.
Published in: on August 15, 2006 at 10:53 pm  Comments (2)  

The story of Ghuśma

There used to be a sampanna-graamam near Devagiri in Southern Bhaarata-desham. A Braahmana by name Sudharma used to live there. His patni’s name was Sudeha. Sudeha was sad because they didnt have any santaanam. She then arranged Kalyaanam of her sister, Ghushma and Sudharma, hoping to get santaanam. Ghushma was a great Shiva-bhakta. She used to do archana of 101 Paarthiva-lingams (Shiva-Lingam made of sand) everyday.

On a sumuhuurtam, Ghushma gave birth to a boy. Everyone was happy. But the happiness didnt last for long. Many used to give more respect to Ghushma than Sudeha and used to say Sudeha was a Vandhya (woman with no children). Slowly Iirsha and Asuuya started in Sudeha on Ghushma.

Meanwhile the kid grew up and Sudharma did his Kalyaanam. The putra (son) and snusha (daughter-in-law) always used to respect Sudeha and look after her with prema. Similarly Sudeha and Ghushma also loved her. However because of Iirsha and asuuya, Sudeha’s heart was burning.

Finally Iirsha turned into Matsaram and one night she went near the newly married couple and killed the putra when they were sleeping. She then cut him into pieces and put the body into a kuupam where Ghushma used to put Nirmaalyam and used Paarthiva-Lingams! She came back and slept peacefully as if nothing happened.

Next day morning Sudharma and Ghushma were inolved in their Dina-charya and Sudeha was in kitchen acting as if nothing happened. But the snusha, to her terror, found that her husband was missing and she saw blood and flesh pieces. She tried to tell Sudharma and Ghushma, but they didnt respond as their were completely immersed in Daiva-dhyaanam.

When Ghushma was returning after putting that day’s Paarthiva-Lingams in the kuupam, she saw her putra walk towards her! At the same time Parama Shiva gave His divya-darshanam to Ghushma and told her to ask for a Varam. Ghushma said “please appear here as a Jyotirlingam and bless all of us”. Immediately Parama Shiva took the form as “Ghushmeshvara Jyotirlingam” (one of the 12 Jyotirlingams). The Kuupam became a Pushkarini by name “Shivaalayam”.

Morals in the story:

  1. Iirsha, asuuya and Matsaram are very terrible. They change even a woman, with Komala Hrudayam into a Kathinaatma. Sudeha, who herself did Kalyaanam of Ghushma and Sudharma, developed Iirsha and finally did Mahaa-paapa kaaryams.
  2. Bhakti of Ghushma and Sudharma are well shown in the story. Nothing disturbed them, they had 100% belief in God. God always protects such Bhaktas.
Published in: on August 14, 2006 at 9:02 pm  Comments Off on The story of Ghuśma  

King Bhartruhari becomes a Viraagi

Perhaps there will be no Bhaarateeya who did not hear about “Bhartruhari Subhaashitaani”. He was the Bhraata of the great Vikramaaditya maharaja. He was a great Samskruta kavi. In addition to Subhaashita-Ratnaavali, he wrote divya granthas like: “Vaakyapradeepam” (a vyaakarana grantham), “Raahata kaavyam”, “Kaarika” (Pantanjala mahabhaashya vyaakarana ruupam).

Vararuchi, Vikramaaditya, Bhatti and Bhrartruhari were the priya-putras of Keshava Sharma. Bhrartruhari was made the King and he did Raajya-paalana around 135 years before Shaalivaahana Shakam. From childhood, Bhartruhari was always interested in Saadhu, Sajjana seva.

Once a poor Braahmana in Bhrartruhari’s Raajyam did upaasana of Bhuvaneshvarii Maata. He knew sakala mantra-shaastras. Bhuvaneshvarii devi appeared before him and gave him a divya-phalam and said that whoever eats this phalam will not have jaraa-maranam (will not become old and be immortal). The Braahmana thought like this “I am a poor Braahmana. What rakshana of others can I do even by living for long. Anyway since I am Braahmana, I must do Bhiksha-aatana and eat. If I give this to the Raaja, he can do great seva to the praja and do their Rakshana”. Thinking like this he went to Bhartruhari and gave his aashiirvaadam, the divya-phalam and told its Mahima.

However Bhartruhari gave it to his priyaa, Anangasena. She in turn gave it to her priya-sakha, an ashva-poshaka. The ashva-poshaka gave the divya-phalam to his daasi and she in turn gave to her priya, a Gopaalaka. The Gopaalaka gave the divya-phalam to his priyatama. She kept it in the basket in which she was carrying cattle-dung and was going through Raaja-viidhi to her house. To his surprise Bhrartruhari saw that the divya-phalam finally reached in such a place. He called her and got to know the entire story.

Knowing what had happened, he got Virakti on samsaaram. He realized that everything is mithya and Bhagavat-bhakti is only shaashvatam. He then left for the aranyas to do Tapas, giving the Divya-phalam to Vikramaaditya. Aaha! Vidhi is great. Finally the phalam reached the person who deserved it.

Bhartruhari then wrote Neetishatakam, Shrugaarashatakam and Vairaagyashatakam. He spent the rest of his life as a Viraagi doing Daiva-dhyaanam. Once, taking pity on an old Braahmana, Vikramaaditya gave away the divya-phalam to him!

रत्नैर्महार्हैस्तुतुषुर्न देवा न भेजिरे भीम-विषेण भीतिम्।
सुधां विना न परयुर्विरामं न निश्चितार्थाद्विरमन्ति धीराः॥
— भर्तृहरेः नीतिशतकम्
ratnairmahārhaistutuṣurna devā na bhejire bhīma-viṣeṇa bhītim |
sudhāṁ vinā na parayurvirāmaṁ na niścitārthādviramanti dhīrāḥ||
— bhartṛhareḥ nītiśatakam
Morals in the story:

  1. Paropakaara buddhi of Bhaarateeyas is well shown in this story through the Braahmana who did upaasana of Bhuvaneshvarii devi and the great Vikramaaditya maharaja.
  2. The Braahmana showed us what is Nishkaama Bhakti. Though Bhuvaneshvarii devi gave him the divya-phalam, he gave it to the King, who can protect many more.
  3. Saadhu, Sajjana seva, respecting elders are great sadgunas. Bhartruhari was always interested in them.

Search Terms: Bharthruhari, Vikramaditya, Vikramarka, Vikramaarka, Bhuvaneshwari, Bhuvaneshvari

Published in: on August 13, 2006 at 9:22 pm  Comments (13)  

Akshaya Paatra

When the great Paandavas left for Aranyavaasam, many Viprottamas followed them. Requesting them to go back, Dharmaraaja said “I have lost my Raajyam in Jyuudam. In the forests you will have to live on fruits. The difficulties of living in the forests are great. So please go back”. Then the Braahmanas replied “Mahaaraaja! Please dont worry about our poshana. We want your kshemam only. We will tell you many good stories and entertain you”.

Yudhishthira agreed, but was worried that being a Gruhastha, he was not able to even do poshana of his aashritas. Thinking like this, he approached his Purohita (Puratah hitam karoti — one who does hitam, before anybody else), Dhaumya, and said “Mahaatma! Atithi seva, satkaaram is sajjana’s prathama-kartavyam. We are ourselves in difficulties, so how to do Atithi seva?”. Dhaumya then told Dharmaraaja how to do Suurya-upaasana. He said “O Dharmanandana! Shrimannaarayana, in the form of Suurya-bhagavaan, does poshana of this shrushti. You everyday do Suryopaasana, by doing Paaraayana of Surya-ashtottara-shata-naamaavali. I am sure then Surya-bhagavaan will help you”.

With Kathora-niyamams, Dharmaraaja did Suryopaasana. Suurya-bhagavaan became prasanna and appeared before Yudhishthira. Yudhishthira had great aanandam, did stotram and said “O Bhaaskara! You are the netram of this jagat and the aatma of all the living creatures. This jagat is having prakaasham because of You only. Without any Svaartham, You are doing poshana of this prapancham. I am krutagnya to have Your divya-darshanam”.

Suurya-bhagavaan said “Dharmaraaja! I am pleased with your aaraadhana. I will make sure you all will never have kshut-baadha all these 12 years”. Saying this, He gave him the Akshaya-paatra. Due to Daiva-prabhaavam, akshaya aahaaram comes from the divya-paatra. Using the Akshaya-paatra, Draupadii devi used to serve the Atithi-abhyaagatas first, then following Pativrataa-dharmam used to serve Paandavas and then eat aahaaram provided by the Akshaya-paatra. The divya-paatra everyday used to provide whatever they wanted till Draupadii devi has her aahaaram.

Morals in the story:

  1. Once a person has sat-sankalpam and does Daiva-praarthana, as suggested by elders, God Himself will show the way. Yudhishthira, with the sankalpam of doing Atithi-seva, did Suryopaasana as directed by Shri Dhaumya. With this he was able to provide aahaaram to the Viprottamas.
  2. Atithi-seva of Dharmaraaja and Pativrata-dharmam of Draupadi are shown in the story. Panditas say that a Pativrata has greater power than even the Tri-muurtis!

Search Terms: Dharmaraja, Akshaya Patra, Sun God, Suryadeva

Published in: on August 12, 2006 at 9:27 pm  Comments (2)  

Importance of this day!

Tīrtha Yātra

The glory of India

कः पन्थाः ?

महाजनो येन गतः स पन्थाः

Moral Stories

A tribute to the great Bharatiya Samskruti.