Dharmabalam

Ugraayudha, the Raaja of Ajaamiidha vamsham, was very famous. He was a balavanta. He even got the Chakraayudham from Shri Hari. However he then got Ahankaaram. With Bala-garvam, he used to unnecessarily do Yuddhams with other Kings. He stopped thinking about Dharmam-adharmam, Nyaayam-anyaayam, Saadhyam-asaadhyam. None used to stand before him in Yuddham. Many became his saamanta-raajas, others lost their lives in the Yuddham. This increased his Ahankaaram.

Once he heard that Devavrata (Bheeshmaachaarya) was a Veeraadhiveera. He heard that in the Bhuu-mandalam, no one can defeat him. Ugraayudha then decided to do Yuddham against Gaangeya, so took a huge Sainyam and reached Hastinaapuram.

Just at that time the Pita of Bheeshmaachaarya, Shantana mahaaraja became a Svargastha. Bheeshmaachaarya had great duhkham. The Shraaddha-karma was not yet over by that time. Only few days were over. Ugraayudha thought it was the right chance and sent a duuta to Devavrata:

“Bheeshma! There is no one who can defeat me. You also know this. You also know the power of the Chakraayudham. I dont want your Aishvaryam, Raajyam. I want Matsyagandhi, Bhuvanaika-sundari, Satyavatii Devi. I will give you one day time”. Bheeshmaachaarya became very angry listening to the Dur-bhaasha of the Dushta. He couldnt bear that someone spoke like this about his Maata, Pativrata, Satyavatii Devi. Immediately he ordered Yuddham against the Dushta, Ahankaari Ugraayudha.

However, the Panditas, Purohitas, Nitya-hita-kaamas said “O Dharmaatma! Bheeshma! Ugraayudha is like a Pipiilakam (ant) before you. There is no need for you to go for Yuddham. Also your Pita’s Shraaddha-karma is not yet over. Shraddha is the most important thing in Pitru-kaaryas. You must not take Aayudhas, Divya-vastras now. Also one must always try to avoid Yuddham, because of its evil effects on the samaajam. Hence you send a Duuta, use Saama-daana-Bheda Upaayas and try. Then you can try Danda-upaayam. By that time the Pitru-kaaryam will also be over”.

The Dharmagnya, Bheeshma, listened to the advise of the Panditas and sent a Duuta to Ugraayudha. However all the efforts of the Duutas went waste. The Durahankaari never listened to them. Infact he immediately used his Chakraayudham on Gaangeya. However even the Chakraayudham became nistejam because of the Paativratyam of Satyavatii Devi and Dharmabalam of Bheeshmaachaarya!

The Chakram kept on spinning but didnt move an inch!! Ugraayudha used all his aatma-shakti, but the Chakraayudham never moved. Ugraayudha thought “Chakraayudham is more powerful than Brahmaastram. What is stopping it? May be because Bheeshma now has Aashouchakam, the Chakram is not approaching him. I will wait till the Aashouchakam is over”. However, even after the Pitrukarma was over, the Chakraayudham didnt move, it stayed in the same place in the air, spinning. Ugraayudha was amazed.

In no time Bheeshma reached the place, along with his Anuja Vichitraveerya. In the hands of the Veera, Bheeshma, Ugraayudha lost his life. Seeing the Bala-paraakramam of Bheeshma, even the Devatas were surprised. All the people who were supressed in the Paalanam of Ugraayudha, then did Stuti of Bheeshmaachaarya.

Morals in the Story:

  1. Ahankaaram destroys the person having it. One must always remember that there is always someone who is greater than us. Even though Ugraayudha got Shri Hari’s Chakram, just because of Ahankaaram, he was destroyed.
  2. A real Veera never shows off his Balam (see this too). Ugraayudha, with Bala-garvam, always did Yuddhams. Whereas Bheeshma, even though he had the Shakti to kill Ugraayudha, tried to send Shaanti-sandesham to Ugraayudha.
  3. One who wishes a Para-strii, that too a Pativrata, will be destroyed. Before the Paativratyam of Satyavatii Devi, and Dharmabalam of Bheeshma, even the Vishnu-chakram became equivalent to a grass-shoot!
  4. The amruta-vaakyas of the Panditas must always be remembered. Bheeshma followed the Dharmabodha of his Purohitas and was able to complete the Pitru-kaaryam and also teach Ugraayudha a lesson.

Search Terms: Bhishma, Bhiishma, Ugrayudha, Sathyavathi, Sathyavati, Satyavathi, Vichitravirya, Vichithraveerya

Published in: on September 24, 2006 at 11:59 pm  Comments (18)  

Dharma Nirnayam

Prahlaada, the greatest Vishnu Bhakta, had three putras by names Virochana, Kumbha and Nikumbha. The Jyeshtha, Virochana, also was a Bhakta. Virochana and Sudhanva, the Angiirasa Maharshi putra, were great friends. Both them loved a Sundari by name “Keshini”. Virochana said that he deserves Kesihni because an Asura has greater Shakti than a Bhuusura. Whereas Sudhanva said a Vipra is an Uttama and Gnyaani, hence he deserves Keshini. They started fighting amon themselves. Finally they thought they will go to Prahlaada, who is a Dharmaatma, to ask what is Nyaayam.

“Aarya! You know Dharma-adharmas well. Without putra-mamakaaram, tell who better deserves Keshini me or your putra? If you tell adharmam Devendra’s Vajraayudham will break your head into two pieces” said Sudhanva. Prahlaada then told Kashyapa maharshi about this Vivaadam. Kashyapa maharshi replied “Prahlaada! A person who gives saaksham and is a Dharma-darshi must never leave Dharma-maargam. If in a Dharma-sabha, wrong decision is made, the paapam is shared by the members in the sabha. A portion of the paapam, if wrong decision is given, goes to the members, a portion to the King and the remaining to the person who actually did the adharmam. If the members take the correct decision, then only the person who does the adharmam gets the whole of it. Hence while doing Dharma-nirnayam one must think a lot with suukshma-buddhi and given the right decision.”

Prahlaada then thought and said that Sudhanva is a greater Guna-vanta than Virochana. Sudhanva then did abhinandanam (congratulations) to Prahlaada for being impartial and telling the Dharmam and did Kalyaanam with Keshini.

Morals in the story:

  1. The Samavartittvam (impartiality) of Prahlaada is shown in the story (see this too). Though Virochana was his own putra, he said Sudhanva is more gunavanta and hence deserves Keshini.
  2. The importance of doing Dharma Nirnayam correctly is well shown in the story. As Kashyapa maharshi said, the people who give the wrong decision, the King and the person who committed crime equally share the paapam of the adharma kaaryam. (see this too)

Search Terms: Prahlad, Prahlada, Kesini

Published in: on September 19, 2006 at 11:59 pm  Comments Off on Dharma Nirnayam  

The story of Gajam – Kachchhapam

“Long long time ago, two brothers, Vibhaasa and Suprateeka used to live. Both of them used to wake before Suuryodayam, do Snaana-sandhyaavandana aadi Kaaryams and then with Niyama-vratam used to do Parabrahma aaraadhana.

However once the younger brother, Suprateeka asked Vibhaasa to give him his share of the father’s property. Then Vibhaasa replied “Priya Sodara! People with Pralobham only divide things. We are brothers. We must not have Pralobham. In addition Dhana-kaaksha leads to duhkhas. Some dushtas may interfere between us and increase the conflict. With that both of us will be destroyed. Hence let us share and live, forget about division. Jyeshtha Bhraata is equivalent to Pita and you are like my putra”.

However Suprateeka didnt accept. He said that property must be divided. Seeing this, Vibhaasa got Krodham and said “you dont have respect to elders. Become a Gajam (Elephant) in a mahaaranyam”. With greater Krodham Suprateeka replied “In a pushkarini in the same Aranyam you will become a Kachchhapam (Tortoise)”. Both of them left pavitra maanava-shariiram and took birth according to their shaapas.

Gajam used to come near pushkarini and do ghiinkaaram; the Kachchhapam used to created huge waves. The battle used to start. Everyday they used to fight each other. Also both of them had bahu-sthuula-kaayam (they were extremely huge). So no other animal was able to peacfully live. No one could use the pushkarini. In that Aranyam all the animals were being disturbed by these huge creature’s fights.” said Kashyapa maharshi to Garuda Bhagavaan, when Garuda Bhagavaan asked His Pita, Kashyapa maharshi, to show him some aahaaram before going to bring Amruta-kalasham from Devendra to save His Maata, Vinata, from Daasyam to Kadruva.

Kashyapa continued “Putra! If you take these two creatures as Your aahaaram, then all the animals in the Aranyam will live happily. The pushkarini will then again become aadhaaram for many creatures”. Garuda Bhagavaan then did Namaskaaram to His Pita and flew to the Aranyam.

Even today if two people always fight each other we say “why are you fighting like Gaja-kachchhapas?”.

Morals in the story:

  1. The Pitrubhakti and Vinayam of Garuda deva are well shown in the story. Though He was extra-ordinarily strong, capable, still He asked His Pita to show Himself some aahaaram! The greatest sad-gunam of Sat-purushas is Vinayam.
  2. Nyaayam is what is concerned to an individual. Whereas Dharmam concerns a society. Hence in order to protect the creatures in the Aranyam, the two trouble causing animals had to be killed. Hence, the Dharmagnya, Kashyapa maharshi, asked his putra to take the Gaja-kachchhapas as His aahaaram.
  3. The amruta vaakyas of Vibhaasa must be remembered. Pralobham and Dhana-kaaksha always lead to difficulties.
  4. A family where brothers remain united like Shri Raama and Lakshmana will always prosper; a family where the brothers fight each other like Vibhaasa and Suprateeka will be destroyed with their own Krodham.

Search Terms: Vibhasa, Supratika, Kasyapa

Published in: on September 16, 2006 at 11:59 pm  Comments Off on The story of Gajam – Kachchhapam  

Nishkaama Karma

Vyaasa Bhagavaan told Yudhishthira “Long time back, Jaajali maharshi used to do Tapas with Nishtha. Once, when he was immersed in Tapas, some birds built a nest on his Jataa-juutam (hair). Since Jaajali maharshi was a Dayaardra-hrudaya, he left the nest as it is!

However, once he got Ahankaaram that no one can have more Dharma-nishtha than him. Aakaasha-vaani then said “There is a Vartaka by name Tulaadhaara. He has more Dharma-nishtha than you. However he never has Garvam”.

Jaajali maharshi got asuuya and wanted to see the greatness of Tulaadhaara. On seeing the great maharshi, Tulaadhaara welcomed and said “Maharshi! Please come. You are a Dayaa-saagara. You even let the birds build their nest on your Jataa. You are very great”. Jaajali maharshi was surprised and asked “how do you know about me?”.

Tulaadhaara replied “O Maharshi! I dont have moham on anything. I know only following my Sva-dharmam. Hence I came to know about your greatness.” With little Krodham, the Maharshi replied “So you mean I dont go on the path of Dharmam? What about my Tapas and Yagnyas”? Tulaadhaara replied

Tapas done with Ahankaaram and Yagnyam done expecting something in return — both of these are not liked by Devatas. As you know, according to our Bhaarateeya-saampradaayam, Yagyam is for showing our Krutagnyata to Devatas, Maata-pita, fellow humans, other creatures living with us and Rushis. All Bhaarateeyas do these 5 Yagnyas according to their own Varna-aashrama-dharmams. Thus nishkaama karma is important.”

Jaajali maharshi relied “then why are you not leaving bussiness? Is this not Dhana-kaaksha?”

Tulaadhaara replied “Arya! Why will I leave my Sva-dharmam? Anyway let us ask these birds what is Dharmam”. Birds flew and said “We are the sevakas of Dharma-devata. On Yamadharmaraaja’s aagnya, we came to test you both. Ahankaaram and matsaram destroy everything. Hence one must not have them. Tapas and Yagnyas done without chitta-shuddhi and shraddha are not good. Through Shraddha all good things happen”. Saying this, the birds flew away.

Jaajali maharshi then said “Arya! Ahankaaram is very dangerous. Everyone must do their Kartavyam and Sva-dharmam. However they must do them without expecting anything in return. These things I learnt from you today.” Saying thus, the Maharshi went away.”

Vyaasa Bhagavaan continued “Yudhishthira! So Bhaarateeya-saampradaayam is great. Hence it suggested Yagnyas, which are the act of showing Krutagnyata. One must follow our aachaaram and through aachaaram only Dharmam is got. We must do Karma, but without expecting anything in return (Nishkaama-karma)”.

Morals in the story:

  1. The Daya gunam of Jaajali maharshi is great. He left the birds, who built their nest in his head, as it is taking pity on them.
  2. Ahankaaram is the first step for destruction. Hence one must never have Ahankaaram, Garvam, Darpam. As shown in the story, there will always be a person greater than us.
  3. The importance of Sva-dharmam is well shown in the story. Though Tulaadhaara didnt have any Dhana-kaanksha, he didnt leave Vartakam (bussiness).
  4. Bhaarateeyas believe in Nishkaama-karma. They do their Kartavyam, Sva-dharmam, without expecting anything in return. As told in the story, whatever Yagnyas etc., Bhaarateeyas do, are only to show Krutagnyata for the things they already got, than expecting things in return.

Search Terms: Vyasa, Tuladhara, Thuladhara, Tuladhaara, Jajili, Jajali

Published in: on September 11, 2006 at 11:59 pm  Comments Off on Nishkaama Karma  

Shri Raama — Rakshitaa-svasyadharmasya

(Part of this series of stories. 12th Sadgunam)

This series of stories on Shri Raama Chandra Murty try to showcase the 16 important sadgunas or the Shodasha-kalas in Shri Raama.

(This story has great Aadhyaatma-tattvam. Here we present a short version in morals perspective)

On Chitrakuuta-parvatam, Shri Raama, Seeta Devi and Lakshmana used to stay in Siddha-aashramas of maharshis. One day Shri Raama ans Seeta Devi did Vana-vihaaram and Jala-kreeda. Shri Raama, who was tired, slept in the lap of Jaganmaata, Jaanaki. Then a Vaayasam (crow), by name Kaakaasura, came there and started hurting Janaka-nandini with its beak and nails. Kshmaa-suta, with great sahanam, took the pain and didnt disturb the sleep of Shri Raama and showed Her paati-vratyam. The blood of Seeta devi then fell on Shri Raama. Shri Raama got great Krodham on the one who hurted His Arthaangi and since he didnt have any shastra-astras, took a grass-shoot and used it as Brahma-astram with His Mantra-shakti.

The Vaayasam ran for there for its life. It was not an ordinary Vaayasam, it was the putra of Devendra and had Divya-shakti. But who can save anyone for Shri Raama baanam? It ran to all Tri-jagas. It pleaded the Devatas to protect, it asked Devendra. But everone said there are helpless. After it searched a lot for someone to protect it, it realized than none other than Purushottama, Shri Raama Chandra Himself can protect it and approached Him and asked for Sharanaagati.

Shri Raama Chandra has a vratam that even if a Shatru, apakaari comes and asks for Sharanam, then He will protect him from everything (See this too). Shri Raama, the Sharanaagata-vatsala then gave Abhayam to Kaakaasura. However since Shri Raama baanam is amogham, Shri Raama asked Kaakasura to show Him something on which the Brahmaastram must act. Then Kaakaasura asked the Brahmaastram to take its right-eye.

Discussion of the story:

The prathama-kartavyam of a Bharta, is to protect his Bhaarya. Though Shri Raama didnt have any weapons, as soon as He knew that His Bhaarya was pained by Kaakaasura, He used a grass-shoot as an astram and taught the Kaakaasura a lesson. This shows that in any circumstances Shri Raama was able to do Rakshana of His Dharma-patni. The same mistake of causing grief to Seeta Devi was also done by Raavana; but Shri Raama following His Sharanaagati-dharmam protected Kaakaasura when he came to Shri Raama’s aashrayam. However Raavana never realized his mistake and hence was destroyed (with the same Brahmaastram!).

Hence the episodes of Kaakaasura and Raavana-vadha clearly show that Shri Raama had enough Shakti, Yukti for doing Rakshana of His Svadharmam in any circumstances.

Other Divya-gunas of Shri Raama to be learnt from the story:

  1. Shri Raama’s Veeratvam, Shakti and Astra-vidya are well shown in the story. Even though He was sleeping, didnt have any shastras near Him, with His Mantra-shakti, He could do dushta-shikshana.
  2. “Kaalaagni sadrusha Krodhe Kshamayaa Pruthivii samah”. He is like Kaalaagni when He does dushta-sikshana and is like Bhuu-devi when it comes to Kshama. Kaakaasura, though he did a mistake, realized and asked Shri Raama for sharanam and saved Himself.

Search Terms: Rama, Sita, Kakasura, Kaka, Kaaka, Vaayasam, Ravana

Published in: on September 5, 2006 at 11:59 pm  Comments (1)  

Abhaya Daanam

(see Shibi Chakravarti story and Vibheeshana-varada story too)

There will be many who do Suvarna, Go, Bhuu daanam; but it is rare to find one who has sarva-bhuuta-daya.

One day, when Raghu maharaja was doing Tapas, a Viprottama approached him and asked for Sharanam. Seeing the Viprottama, who was trembling with fear, Raghu maharaja gave Abhayam and asked the reason for the fear. Meanwhile a Raakshasa came there saying “leave … leave”. He said to Raghu maharaja “Raja! leave him. This is the aahaaram that Brahma decided for me. Why are you protecting my aahaaram. I am very hungry”.

Raghu maharaja said “I will not. He, that too a Viprottama, came to me and asked for Sharanam. A sat-purusha always gives Abhayam to a Sharana-arthi. Also it is my Kshatriya-dharmam to protect this arthi. A person who does Abhaya-daanam will get more punyam than one who does all Yagnyas-Vratas. How can I cheat a person, to whom I said even giving my life I will protect you? For any paapam there might be a praayashchittam; but not for a Sharnaagata-hanta. I can get you any other aahaaram which you will like. With hunger how much you are suffering, this Vipra is also suffering that much with fear”.

Raakshasa replied “Like a Gnyaani you talked a lot about anya-samrakshana-dharmam. However you wont care about my hunger. When the tastiest food I want is before me, you are asking me to ask for some other aahaaram. Now if I die of hunger wont you get the paapam? Raja! you dont have daya. For Tapas, daya is the basis. Nirdaya gives paapam. Please save me – who is suffering from hunger. Leave the Vipra”.

Raghu maharaja then thought like this “If I leave this Vipra, Raakshasa will eat him. If I dont, Raakshasa may die of hunger. Without any doubt in either case I will get the paapam. What do to?”. Then he remembered his Guru, Vasishtha’s bodha — “Hari naama smaranam is the only way in case of difficulties”. So Raghu maharaja, with nishchala chittam, did Shri Hari dhyaanam and said “Paatu maam Bhagavaan Vishnuh”.

Just on hearing the Hari naamam, the Raakshasa got Divya-aakruti and said “I am a King by name Shatadyumna and got this ghora-ruupam because of Vashishtha maharshi shaapam, for my dushkaaryam. Because of hearing to Divya-Hari-naamam that too from a Dharmaatma, Tapasvi like you, I got Vimukti”. The Vipra also reached home safely.

Seeing this, Brahmadeva appeared before Raghu maharaja and said “O Mahiipaala! your Dharma-vartanam impressed Me. Please aboard this Divya-vimaanam and come to Satyalokam”. This Divya-gaadha was told by Shri Bhrugu maharshi to Shaunaka mahaa-muni.

Morals in the story:

  1. Bhuuta-daya and Sharanaagati-dharmam are well shown by Raghu maharaja. The Punyam got by Abhaya daanam is anantam! For such a person, Satyalokam is easy to reach.
  2. The importance of Shri Hari-naama-smarana is well shown in the story. Especially in Kali-yugam, Naama-sankeertanam, Daiva-bhajanam is the easiest way for Mukti.
Published in: on August 31, 2006 at 11:59 pm  Comments (5)  

Veera Abhimanyu

Dharmaraaja comes to the middle of the Yuddha-kshetram and reminds both sides of the people regarding a few ground rules before the start of the Yuddham:

  • During the yuddham, even if we are in rage, we must never scold our enemies or insult them.
  • Me must firmly adhere to Yuddha Neeti (follow timings, dont interfere when two people are fighting etc., many many other such rules).
  • In case anyone wants to shift sides in the last moment, they can. Listening to this, Yuyuutsava comes from the side of adharmam (Kauravas) to Dharmam (Paandavas)

In our Bhaarateeya aachaaram, even wars used to be fought following a strict set of rules. The Yuddha Neeti was firmly followed by both sides in Kurukshetra Yuddham till the following episode happened:

Abhimanyu, the putra of Arjuna and Subhadraadevi, was a very great Yoddha. His Saahasam, Veeratvam, Dhairyam are even now remembered.

After Abhimanyu entered the Padmavyuuham, he made great Mahaarathas, Senaadhipatis, run away from the field. Seeing this Dronaacharya came towards Abhimanyu, after making the Sarva-sainyaadhipati of Paandavas, Drushtadyumna, unconscious. However Abhimanyu defeated Dronaachaarya and made him unconscious!

That day single-handed Abhimanyu killed 1 Akshauhini sena (21870 Ratham, 21870 Gaja, 65410 Ashva, 109350 Padaatidalam)!! Many famous Kings, Raaraajas got Veeramaranam through the hands of Abhimanyu. Seeing that out of the original Kaurava sena of 11 Akshauhini, 1 Akshauhini was vanquished by Abhimanyu in 1 day, Dronaachaarya decided that if Abhimanyu is not killed, no one will be left in Kaurava sena. He says

“O Mahaayoddhas! This Abhnimanyu can never be defeated even by Brahma-Vishnu-Maheshvara. So let all of us attack him at once. Leave thought about Dharmam-adharmam, Nyaayam-anyaayam. The only way to save our lives is by killing him, through whatever means”.

Immediately Karna attacked from the back. From back he broke Veeraabhimanyu’s bow. Krupaachaarya killed the horses of Abhimanyu’s ratham. Ashvatthaama killed the Ratha-saarathi and next moment Dronaachaarya powdered the Ratham and Abhimanyu’s other aayudhams.

Thus the Kauravas cunningly killed the paraakramashaali, Abhimanyu. Meanwhile Ghatotkacha killed Alambusa, who was stopping Ghatotkacha reaching the place where Abhimanyu was there. Ghatotkacha came and defeated Drona aadi veeras and felt great duhkham seeing that his brother, Abhimanyu was dead. He reported this entire Vruttaantam to Paandavas.

Thus Kauravas first broke the firm rules of Yuddha Neeti. According to Yuddha Neeti, once it is broken by a particular side, it need not be followed by the other side.

Morals in the story:

  1. The Saahasam, Dhairya gunam of Veera-Abhimanyu must be aadarsham for us. Dhairyam is one of the main sadgunas that everyone of us need to have.
  2. Whatever happens Dharmam must be followed. Kauravas, just because they were afraid to loose their lives, did adharma yuddham and killed Abhimanyu.
  3. The greatness of Bhaarateeya Saampradaayam is well shown in this story, through their Yuddha Neeti. Even in wars, where in that heavy state of mind people try do whatever comes to their mind, our Bhaarateeyas used to follow many rules. Hence even our Yuddhams are different from those of others.
Published in: on August 9, 2006 at 9:36 pm  Comments (25)  

Sva-Dharmam

(This is a story with deep meaning and hence we recommend readers to read and analyze it with the help of elders.)

One day when Jagadguru Shri Aadi Shankaraachaarya was going with His Shishyas, they saw an unbelievable thing. There was a Vruddha sitting under a Taala-Vruksham and the Vruksham by itself was bending and giving its ‘sura’ to him. The shishyas and Shri Aadi Shankaraachaarya were surprised seeing how a tree can bend and by itself give its product, to a person.

Shri Aadi Shankaraachaarya went to the Vruddha and asked how he got this Shakti? The Vruddha replied “Svaami! All my life I have lived by selling this sura I get from Taala-Vruksham. This is my Sva-dharmam, Vrutti. Though many who were with me left this and took to other jobs, I never left it. This Taala-Vruksham was my aadhaaram for years.

As Shri Krishna Paramaatma told, for a person who follows his Sva-dharmam, nothing is impossible. Now since I grew old and can no longer climb the tree, collect ‘sura’ and sell it, the Vruksham by itself is bending and giving its sura to me. Since I never left my Sva-dharmam, it is only saving me”.

Showing this great person, the Vruddha, Shri Aadi Shankaraachaarya told His shishyas “Is there a greater example to say Dharmo Rakshati Rakshitah“?

Search Terms: Adi Shankaracharya, Sankaracharya

Published in: on August 1, 2006 at 11:59 pm  Comments (2)  

God always protects sajjanas

Bhagadatta is the son of Narakaasura and is a great yoddha. He knows many astras including Vaishnava and Shakti astras. However he joined the Kauravas side in the great Mahaabhaarata yuddham. It is natural in this world that people with similar gunas become friends, whether good or bad.

After Bhishma pitaamaha, Dronaacharya was made the sarva-sainyaadhipati of Kauravas by Duryodhana. Dronaacharya tells Duryodhana “O Raja! I feel very happy that you gave me this oppurtunity. You did not forget me though I am old and though Karna, your priya-mitra is there. I will try my best to fight well and bring you victory”. He tells all the strengths/weakness of Kaurava and Paandava senas. He also tells his own strengths and weaknesses. He clearly mentions that he has only one weakness: “if I hear any apriya vaakyam, then I will do astra-sanyaasam. So please make sure I dont hear any”. Upon being asked by Duryodhana, Dronaacharya says “I can defeat Dharmaraaja, but only if Arjuna is not there near him”. So they wanted to plan out how to make Arjuna go away from Dharmaraaja.

The person who fights Arjuna must keep him busy for a long time (till Dronaachaarya defeats Dharmaraaja). Hence the yoddha must be very good and must know many many astras to even stand before Arjuna for sometime. They decide that the 5 Kings of Samsaptaka kingdoms will challenge Arjuna and slowly take him away from Dharmaraaja. Bhagadatta, the King of Mahishpati/Pragjyotishapuram, was one of them.

Similar to how Shri Raama was taken away from Sita by Maareecha, the Kings of Samsaptakas slowly tried to take Arjuna away from Dharmaraaja. In no time Bhagadatta was only left and he started using his divya-astras.

Arjuna is the greatest Bhakta, Sakha of Shri Krishna, the Parandhaama. He never deviated form the path of Dharmam and Satyam (see these 1 2). Hence Shri Krishna always protected him similar to how eyelids protect the eyes.

Bhagadatta used Vaishnavaastram. Shri Krishna just stood up a little bit and took it. It became a Vyjayantimaala for the Paramaatma. Similarly Shri Krishna protects Arjuna form Shakti astram. Then Bhagadatta tried to attack silently from the back. Shri Krishna, the greatest Ratha-saarathi, in an unbelievable way turns the ratham and helps Arjuna. Though Bhagadatta was not able to harm Arjuna, since he had an abhedya divya invisible kavacham, right form head to toes, Arjuna’s shastra-astras were not able to harm him. However as time proceeds the danger for Dharmaraaja increases. Shri Krishna tells Arjuna to shoot right at the place of joining of the eye brows, which will remove the kavacham.

Like this at each and every point in the life of Paandavas, Shri Krishna protected them.

Morals in the story:

  1. God always protects the people who never deviate from the path of Dharma. May be the story of Paandavas is the best example to show this.
  2. Like Paandavas, we must always remember that whatever victories we get, or whatever good we do etc. is because of God only. He is the person who is always behind us. He is the greatest mitra who saves us at times of difficulty. Remembering that, always we are able to achieve things because of God, helps us reduce our Ahankaar too. Else even a slight victory will make us feel proud.
  3. Some of the sadgunas of Dronaacharya are nicely reflected in his conversation. He clearly mentioned his strengths and weakness. Similarly Bheeshmaacharya also mentions his strengths and weaknesses. He also tells openely that he will do astra-sanyaasam if a stri or a shikhandi comes before him (This niyamam was because, he was a perfect Brahmachaari. He will not even look at a para-stri).
Published in: on July 17, 2006 at 5:15 pm  Comments Off on God always protects sajjanas  

Shri Raama — Dharmagnyah

(Please read Valmiki’s story before reading this series of stories)

This series of stories on Shri Raama Chandra Murty try to showcase the 16 important sadgunas or the Shodasha-kalas in Shri Raama. Each story represents an instance (out of many) where the particular sadgunam in discussion is well shown by Shri Raama. We strongly recommend the readers to refer to the original Valmiki Raamayana (or Tulasidas, Aadhyaatma, other such well-known Raamayanas) to know the complete story (we briefly outline the story here giving more importance from point of view of Morals).

See this table to know more about Shodasha Kalas.

Dharmagnyah — Vibheeshana Sharanaagati Katha

“Raamo Vigrahavaan Dharmah” (Raama is Dharma devata in human form). The Vibheeshana Shranaagati Katha is the best udaaharanam for the paraakaashtha of Shri Raama’s Dharmagnyata.

Vibheeshana, the Bhaagyashaali, along with his four mantris came near Shri Raama’s Vaanara Sena to ask the Parandhaama for sharanam. From Aakaasham itself he spoke like this “O Svaami! Shri Raama! Raajeeva-lochana! I am the younger brother of Sitaataapahaari, Raavana. They call me Vibheeshana. I have been driven away from my Lanka-desham (panditas say present Australia) by my elder brother. I came to ask you sharanam. Deva! I spoke hita-vaakyas to that Agnyaani. I warned him many times to return Vaidehi to Shri Raama. He, binded by Kaala-paasham, did not listen to me. He raised his Kara-vaalam (sword) to kill me, and drove me away. I am a Mokshaarthi, needing vimukti from Samsaaram and hence came to your sharanam”.

Listening to the words of Vibheeshana, Sugreeva, the parama-sakha for Shri Raama, replied “Raama! He is a maayaavi. Raakshasaadhama. He doesnt deserve your Vishvaasam. In addition, he is the brother of Raavana who is the Sitaapahaari. He is a balashaali. He came with his 4 mantris who are well armed. He can look for a oppurtunity and kill us. Deva! Please give me anugnya. I and other Vaanaras will kill these people. Raama! This is what I think. You tell me what you have decided”.

With a chiru-mandahaasam Shri Raama Chandra replied “Kapishreshtha! I think here there is a suukshma vishayam. This is well known to all Kings, it is lokaprasiddham. (He goes on to tell the reasons for giving Sharanaagati to Vibheeshana).

Sugreeva! The Kopotam did atithi satkaaram to the Vyaadha (who killed his own wife!) when he came to him. When this Kapotam itself did like that, then why to ask about me? (I too will do the same).

Kanduva maharshi is a Satyavaadi. He once sang some Dharmasammata Divya gaadhas. Please listen to them:

O Shatrusamhaaraka Raaja! A person who doesnt want to be a Kruura must not harm a person who came for sharanam, even if he is the greatest enemy. An uttama must save the person who came as a sharanaagati, whether he is an aarta or a garvita, if required by giving his own life.

If a person who gives sharanam doesnt protect the person who came for sharanam, either due to Bhayam, or Agnyaanam, or some Vaancha, or by not using his entire sva-shakti, will earn both apakiirti and Paapam and additionally gives away all his punyam to the person who is under sharanam. Also this will lead to the destruction of Balam and Viryam of the person who gave the false sharanam.

Doing as suggested by Kanduva maharshi is Dharmasammatam and it also increases Keerti and Punyam.

(Till now Shri Raama explained why giving sharanam is Dharmasammatam. Now Shri Raama explains why He must give sharanam to Vibheeshana.)”.

If anyone comes to My sharanam and says “I am yours”; I will protect him from everything. This is my Vratam (Recollect from this story — this is one of the Mahaagunam of Paramaatma, Sharanyata). Even if the person who came is Raavana in disguise, bring him. I will give him sharanam and protect him.”

Story of Kapotam (mentioned by Shri Raama):
(This is a long story beautifully explained in Mahabhaaratam; we only mention it briefly here)

Once upon a time there used to live a Kapota and a Kapoti on the branches of a Mahaavruksham. One day the Kapoti was killed by a Vyaadha. The Kapota was worried why Kapoti was late to return home and was waiting eagerly near the Vruksham. After a long time the Vyaadha (who killed the Kapoti) came under the shade of the Vruksham, since there was heavy rain. The Kapoti, who was struggling for her own life and was in the basket of the Vyaadha, saw that the Vyaadha was shivering because of cold. She then signals her husband the Kapota to try and remove the difficulty of the Vyaadha. Kapota then brought many dry leaves, created a small fire and tried to give some warmth to the Vyaadha. It then jumped into the fire and offered itself as aahaaram to the Vyaadha.

This story was told by Kanduva maharshi while explaining the Dharmas of Gruhasthaashramam. This very example was given by Shri Raama to Sugreeva.

Discussion on the story:

A person will fear that he will get Loka-ninda if he doesnt follow Raaja-Dharmam. He will fear Kula-ninda if he doesnt follow Kula-Dharmam. Similarly there may be a motive for following Samaajika-Dharmam, Gruha-Dharmam etc.

But Vrata-Dharmam (Niyamam) is something which a person imposses on himself (ofcourse he must impose something which is Dharmasammatam, like Shri Raama). Nobody will ask him if he doesnt follow it. Hence it is Paramotkrushtam. Shri Raama Chandra Murty’s Dharmagnyata is hence best showed through this example of He giving sharanam to Vibheeshana, just to follow His Vrata-Dharmam.

Aaha! This Dharmagnyata of Shri Raama chandra is difficult to even imagine/dream. Jayaho Shri Raama Chandra Murty. Jayaho Shri Raama Chandra Murty.

Sadgunam to be learnt: Dharmagnyata

Search Terms: Rama, Vibhishana, Sugriva, Sugreeva, saranam, Sodasa, Shodasa

Published in: on July 16, 2006 at 6:34 pm  Comments (4)  
अद्यतिथिः

Importance of this day!

Tīrtha Yātra

The glory of India

कः पन्थाः ?

महाजनो येन गतः स पन्थाः

Moral Stories

A tribute to the great Bharatiya Samskruti.