Bhakta Prahlaada

Contributed By: Rajalakshmi SrinivasaGopalan

The Karma that a garbhavati does will have a magnifying effect on the baby. As a negative example of this, we saw Valmiki maharshi’s story. The positive example is that of Prahlaada, the putra of Hiranyakashipa and Leelaavati:

When Prahlaada was in the garbham of Leelaavati, his pita, Hiranyakashipa did a severe Tapas for Brahmadeva. Hence Leelaavati had the adrushtam of staying in the pivitra aashramam of Naarada maharshi. Due to the tapashshakti of Naarada, snakes-vultures, lions-elephants and other such animal pairs which have natural enemity, left their anger on one another and were co-existing in peace. Because of living in such an environment, Leelaavati used to always think about good and used to listen to the puraanams told by Naarada maharshi.

One day, when Naarada maharshi was describing Shri Hari Leelas and greatness of Hari-bhakti, Leelaavati slept off, but Prahlaada who was in her garbham was listening a telling “ok” “ok” to all the tattvam that Naarada maharshi was telling. Thus even before Prahlaada was born he got Gnyaanopadesham from Naarada maharshi. On one shubha-lagnam, Prahlaada was born. Devatas showered pushpa-varsham.

Brahmadeva, who was impressed by the severe Tapas of Hiranyakashipa, appeared before him and said “Vatsa! Your tapas is advitiiyam. Ask Me your abhiishtam and i will grant it”. Hiranyakashipa had duraasha. He believed this shariiram is shaashvatam and satisfying physical senses itself is aanandam. Hence he asked Brahmadeva “Svaami! I must have no maranam (death)”. Brahmadeva said “Kumaara! This is against Shrushti-niyamam. Ask any other varam”. Hiranyakashipa asked “Either on land, in water, in fire, in air, in aakaasham, by animals or humans or deva-daanavas or yaksha or kinnera or siddha or vidyaashara adi praanis, by any shastra-astras, during day or night I must never get maranam. Also I must always have vijayam in yuddham, I must get more power than Indra aadi loka-paalakas and be the King of Tribhuvanams”. Brahmadeva replied “Kashyapa-putra! no one ever asked such varams previously. But since you have done tapas and impressed Me, I am granting you this varam. But be a buddhi-sampanna and live”.

Even though Hiranyakashipa was putra of the great Kashyapa maharshi and had great tapashshakti, he got ahankaaram because of the varam he got from Brahmadeva. He, with his vara-gravam, forgot that Brahmadeva said “be a buddhi-sampanna and live”, and started to torture worlds, saadhu-sajjanas, pativratas. Who can save a fly that gets attracted to fire and gets burnt? He started saying he is only God, everyone should pray to him and do pooja to him. His paapam was increasing day-by-day and finally by torturing his own child, Prahlaada, who was a great Shri Hari bhakta, he himself became the cause for his death:

Hiranyakashipa tried to torture Prahlaada by throwing him down cliffs, getting him stamped by elephants, burning him in fire etc., but nothing happened to the great Hari bhakta. Prahlaada, who had only Shri Hari in his mind, never even thought about anything else. Hence Shri Hari saved him from the tortures of Hiranyakashipa.

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One day at Sandhya-samayam, fed up with Prahlaada saying Shri Hari is only Paramaatma, His bhakti is only shaashvatam, Hiranyakashipa said “where is your Hari? I even went to Vaikuntham and searched for him to kill him, but he was not there. There is no Hari. I am only Bhagavaan”. Prahlaada replied “Dont have the doubt that He is here, He is there. He is everyone. Wherever you search for Him with Bhakti, He will be there”. Then with anger Hiranyakashipa said “is it? If so, show Him to Me in this pillar”. Then Mahaavishnu appeared from the pillar in the form of Nara-simham, placed Hiranyakashipa in His lap, and teared him into pieces using His nakhas (nails).

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Thus even though Hiranyakashipa asked for a varam so that it was difficult to kill him, he forgot the fact that Paramaatma is more powerful and his duraasha, ahankaaram only lead to his downfall.

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Morals in the Story:

  1. A garbhavati’s other name is dauhrudi (one who has two hrudayams). According to our shaastras, whatever a garbhavati does has magnifying effects on the child. Hence our shaastras recommend, atleast during that period, listening to Harikathas, Puraanams etc. and always think good. Since Leelaavati did all these, her son Prahlaada became a great Hari-bhakata and a Dharmaatma.
  2. Duraasha always leads to difficulties (see Prataapabhaanu’s story). Hiranyakashipa, with his duraasha, believed this shariiram is shaashvatam and asked for a varam which no one else asked. Brahmadeva also said if he is good and has sadbuddhi then the varam will be of use. But having vara-garvam he tortured the worlds and himself became a reason for his end.
  3. The Bhakti of Prahlaada is ananyam. Though he was kid and his father tortured him so much, he never thought about anything other than Shri Hari. Hence Mahaavishnu saved him. Prahlaada comes first in the list of Bhaktas and is a maarga-darshi for us.

Search Terms: Prahlada, Haranykasipa, Narada, Lilavati, Lilavathi, Leelavathi, Leelavati.

Published in: on December 24, 2006 at 11:04 am  Comments (29)  

Devasharma’s Duraasha

In the Divya Ayodhyaa Nagaram, there used to live a Braahmana by name Devasharma. On Mahaavishuvat-Sankraanti, he went as a Bhokta for a Shraaddha-karma in another Vipra’s house. The Vipra gave Devasharma a Saktu-ghatam (pot full of rice flakes).

Devasharma took the Saktu-ghatam and was walking slowly back to his house. After walking for sometime, since he ate a lot, he wanted to take rest. In those days, every house used to have a platform in front of the house, so that people, Yaatrikas can take rest if tired. Feeling tired, Devasharma thought of lying down in a Kumbhakaara’s (potter) house. He spread his Uttareeyam on the platform, kept left hand under his head as a pillow and kept a stick in the right hand to protect the Saktu-ghatam from robbers.

With half-closed eyes, he was dreaming. He thought “when good price comes, I will sell this Saktu-ghatam. With that money I will buy a good Mesham (goat). Every year it will atleast give birth to two. After some years, I will have many. Then I will sell them and buy 100 good cows. That Dhenushatakam will give birth to many in course of time. Like this I will get great Dhenu-Sampada. I will use some to help in Vyavasaayam (agriculture), and some I will sell. I will also sell the Dhaanyam I get doing Vyavasaayam for a good price. Like this in no time, I’ll become a Koteeshvara. Then many will offer me their Putrikas for Kalyaanam. I will choose the best of them and marry. I will have a putra who will be more beautiful than Manmatha. I will name him Somasharma. In case Somasharma’s Maata doesnt take good care of him, I will punish her”.

Just when he was dreaming about this, he fell asleep and he thought really his Bhaarya came and started hitting her with a stick (in the dream, for not taking care of Somasharma), whereas actually he started to hit the Saktu-ghatam. All the Saktu fell on the ground and the stick also hit some of the pots that the Kumbhakaara made. Hearing the sound, the Kumbhakaara came out and fined the Braahmana for breaking his pots.

Thus Devasharma lost his Saktu-ghatam and in addition had to pay fine.

Morals in the Story:

  1. Duraasha always leads to difficulties. With duraasha, Devasharma was dreaming about becoming a Koteeshvara and even destroyed what he had, himself. People who only dream about future (and dont work), loose what they have in the present too.
  2. The Paropakaara-buddhi in Bhaarateeya Saampradaayam is shown in the story. Everyone used to leave some space in their house for Yaatrikas etc. to take rest.
Published in: on October 7, 2006 at 11:59 pm  Comments Off on Devasharma’s Duraasha  

Suvarṇaṣhṭhīvi

One day in the Sabha of Srunjaya maharaja, Shri Naarada Maharshi was present. He was sitting on a Unnata-simhaasanam. Along with Srunjaya, many did puuja of the great Maharshi. One of the Vipras present asked Naarada Maharshi with Vinayam, “Muniidra! Maharaja is a good person. Dharmaatma. He is everytime busy with doing Anna-daanams. Having anugraham of great people like You too, why is he still having duhkham”? Naarada Maharshi asked “Is it? I didnt know. Maharaja! What is the reason for your duhkham? Why didnt you tell Me all this while?”.

Srunjaya Maharaja replied “Maharshi! I want a putra who is a Gunavanta and Ruupavanta.”. “That’s all no”? asked the Maharshi. With Dhana-kaanksha and Duraasha, Srunjaya went on to say “Not only that. His Mala, muutra, sveda aadi (excretory materials from body) must become Gold”. Naarada Maharshi gave him the Varam and went away.

Srunjaya became very happy. He named his putra “Suvarnashtheevi”. They started looking after the kid with great care. With the Gold got from Suvarnashtheevi, everything right from Anthahpuram to Paada-peetham was made of Gold. Some time passed by like this.

One day some thieves entered the Anthahpuram and took away Suvarnashtheevi. They took him into the forest, cut his stomach and saw if Gold is there inside. Not finding anything they threw the body there only and went away. Seeing the Mruta-deham of Suvarnashtheevi, there was no end to Srunjaya’s duhkham. Then Naarada Maharshi appeared and said

“Maharaja! Will your putra now come back, even if you cry? It is not possible to go against Kaala-gati. Sat-sheelam, Keerti are permanent not Shariiram. You wanted a putra who has Sadgunam and Ruupam. Till that it was fine. But with Duraasha you asked for more. If a person has Duraasha, the end will be like this only” said Naarada Maharshi. Then Naarada Maharshi told stories of Marutta Maharaja, Angaraaja, Shibi Chakravarti, Shri Raama Chandra, Bhageeratha and other such great people’s stories.

Srunjaya then said “Maharshi! I became dhanya listening to stories of these Mahapurushas. I became a Nirmala-hrudaya”. Pleased, Naarada Maharshi said “ask Me what Varam you want”. Srunjaya replied “Deva! Your anugraham is alone enough. I dont need anything more“. Happy with the King’s reply, Naarada Maharshi brought Suvarnashtheevi back to life and went away.

Duraasha always leads to difficulties. Though Srunjaya was King and was ruling this entire Bhuu-khandam, he was not satisified. Finally he had to repent for his mistake.

Search Terms: Suvarnashthivi, Suvarnashtheevi, Srinjaya, Srnjaya, Narada

Published in: on September 18, 2006 at 11:59 pm  Comments Off on Suvarṇaṣhṭhīvi  

The story of Prataapabhaanu

This is a very praachiina-gaadha, told by Parama Shiva to Shri Paarvatii Devi. Satyaketa used to rule the Raajyam of Kaikaya. He was a Dharmaatma, Tejaswi, Balashaali, Susheela. He had two putras: Prataapabhaanu was the jyeshtha putra. Arimardana was his younger brother. Both of them also were great Yoddhas and had many Sadgunams. Also their Aikamatyam is apuurvam. They never had any quarrels between themselves. After making Prataapabhaanu the King, Satyaketa took Vaanaprastham.

Prataapabhaanu’s matri was Dharmaruchi. He was equal to Shukraacharya in Raajaneeti. With the help of Arimardana, Dharmaruchi and the Chaturanga-bala-sainyam, Prataapabhaanu used to do Dharmapaalanam of the Sapta-dviipams. All the other Kings used to pay him taxes. All this praja were happy. Dharmaruchi was a great Shri Hari Bhakta. Because of Dharmaruchi, Prataapabhaanu did many Satkaaryas, Daanams, Tiirthams, Devata-archana and Yagnyas with Bhakti. Prataapabhaanu was a viveka and hence did “Bhagavat-arpanam” of all his Karma.

One day Prataapabhaanu went for Mrugayaa-vihaaram. He did vadha of only those animals which were Vadhaarham according to the Shaastras. Vidhivashah he saw a wild-pig and tried to kill it using his Dhanurbaanam. But he could not; everytime he missed it. Prataapabhaanu, who fought many fierce Yuddhams, was not able to catch a mere wild-pig. The wild-pig ran into deep forest and Prataapabhaanu followed it. Because he was a Dhiira, he followed it into the very dangerous deep jungle too. The wild-pig then ran into a cave and Prataapabhaanu could no more follow it. Prataapabhaanu got separated from his army and got lost in the jungle. He was very thirsty and exhausted. He became unconscious and gained consciousness after sometime. He then found an aashramam in the jungle.

Vidhivashah, it was the place where a Kapata Raaja, who was once defeated by Prataapabhaanu, was living. He had antah-krodham, antah-shatrutvam on Prataapabhaanu. He immediatelty identified that the one who came is Prataapabhaanu. However Prataapabhaanu didnt recognise the Kapata Sanyaasi (the enemy King). Seeing the Sanyaasi, Prataapabhaanu did Yathaavidhi namaskaaram. The Kapata Sanyaasi welcomed Prataapabhaanu and asked to take snaanam in the near by pushkarani. After snaanam he gave cool water to Prataapabhaanu.

The Kuhana-sanyaasi (Kapata-sanyaasi) then took Prataapabhaanu into his aashramam and with Mrudu-vachanas asked kushala-prashnas to Prataapabhaanu. Prataapabhaanu, following Raaja Neeti, told “I am Prataapabhaanu’s mantri. I came for Mrugayaa and got lost. It is my adrushtam that I found you here”. The Kuhana-sanyaasi replied “Your Raajyam is 10 yojanas from here! So please take rest for tonight and leave tomorrow”. Prataapabhaanu is a Nishkapati, whereas the Sanyaasi was a Kapati. Sanyaasi replied “I am a Bhikaari. Nirdhana. I took Sanyaasam and came to this forest to do Daiva-dhyaanam”. Prataapabhaanu did seva to the Sanyaasi and said “you are a great Sanyaasi. You are a dhanya”. Seeing that Prataapabhaanu believed his Kapata-vesham, Sanyaasi continued “I have been here for a long time. No one came here other than you”.

A peacock looks beautiful, but its aahaaram is a snake. Even a viveka like Prataapabhaanu could not see who actually the Kapata-sanyaasi was.

The Kapata-sanyaasi started telling Dharma, Hita-vaakyams. He said “Shri Hari is Paramaatma. There is nothing greater than Him”. Prataapabhaanu was impressed listening to the words of the Sanyaasi. The Kuhana-sanyaasi continued “Sodara! I am Ekatanu”. Prataapabhaanu asked the meaning of Ekatanu. The Baka-dhyaani continued “I was there since the start of this Shrushti. I have never left this shariiram. Hence people know me as Ekatanu. Dont be surprised, nothing is impossible through Tapasshakti”. Prataapabhaanu’s anuraagam on the Kapata increased with these words. The Kapata Sanyaasi then told Prataapabhaanu many Puraanams, Itihaasams, did Vyaakhyaanam about Gnyaanam, Vairaagyam. He also told many many ashtonishing stories about Shrushti-sthiti-laya in detail. Prataapabhaanu then completely came into the control of the Kapata-sanyaasi.

Prataapabhaanu said “I am Prataapabhaanu”. Sanyaasi then said “you did a correct thing by not disclosing your name previously. You know Raaja-neeti. Giving your identity to strangers may lead to the destruction of your Raajyam and praja. I am happy with you”. Prataapabhaanu was also happy with the Kapata-sanyaasi’s reply. The Baka-dhyaani continued “your father is Satyaketa. You came for Mrugayaa and got lost due to the wild-pig. I know all this due to my Guru-krupa. Please ask me a Varam, I will grant it to you”.

Prataapabhaanu did namaskaaram and replied “O Dayaa saagara! Your darshanam is durlabham. Make my shariiram Jaraa-marana-rahitam! No one must be able to defeat me and make me Eka-chatraadhipati of this Bhuumandalam for 100 Kalpams“. Kuhana-sanyaasi said “tathaastu. Mrutyu wont come near you. But there is one problem. Viprottamas have a lot of Tapas-shakti. It will be difficult to make them your Vasham. Except Vipra-shaapam, nothing can destroy you. Not even Yamadharmaraaja”. Seeing Prataapabhaanu’s aanandam, Kuhana-sanyaassi continued “dont tell this to anyone. Else I am not responsible for the consequences. If you tell this to anyone else, you will get many difficulties”.

Prataapabhaanu said “Muniishvara! I have one doubt. How to bring a Viprottama into my control?”. “There are many many ways. One simple thing I can tell you. But I have never stepped in anybody’s house till now. And without me it will be difficult” replied the Kapata-sanyaasi. “Greater people must show mercy on the lesser ones. How Bhuumi bears the sands, how Parvatas support the grass, similarly bear me”. Kapata-sanyaasi replied “Since you believe me 100%, I am accepting. But Mantram, Yogam, Yukti and Tapas must always be done in secret. They only one gets its phalam. So do this. Invite 1 lakh Viprottamas everyday for Anna-daanam for 1 year. If you do this, not only the Vipras who eat, but also their entire family will come under your control. Automatically Devatas will come into your control, because you do seva to Viprottamas who do Havan, Yagnyam Puuja and Daiva-seva. I will do apaharanam of your purohita with my maaya-shakti, take his form and cook food for these invited people everyday for 1 year. Dont tell this to anybody and three days from now you will have my Darshan again. Also, after you sleep tonight, I will take you to your Antahpuram with my Tapas-shakti and leave you there”. Prataapabhaanu, happy with the kapata-sanyaasi’s words, slept happily.

Then Kaalaketa rakshasa, the mitra of the Kapata-sanyaasi, who took the form of a wild-pig and made Prataapabhaanu loose his path, came. He had many maaya-shaktis. He had 100 putras and 10 Bhraatas. All of them are dushtas and ajeyas. Once they did himsa of Devatas, Sajjanas and Braahmanas — so Prataapabhaanu killed all of them. Hence both the Kapata-sanyaasi and Kaalaketa raakshasa have krodham on Prataapabhaanu and now they united to destroy him. Poor Prataapabhaanu did not know this.

Kaalaketu said “mitrama now take rest. You did as we planned. Now on the 4th day i’ll meet you after destroying Prataapabhaanu along with his family”. He with his maaya-shakti, took the form of Purohita, hid the real Purohita in a cave and moved Prataapabhaanu to his bed in his palace. Prataapabhaanu after waking up, thought everything was happening as planned. For 3 days he spent his time doing Dhyaanam of the Kapata-sanyaasi (instead of God!). He invited 1 lakh Braahmanottamas. Kaalaketu cooked tasty food with 4 curries using his maaya. However he mixed flesh of many animals and Braahmanas. Prataapabhaanu welcomed and served the aahaaram to the Viprottamas. Then an Akaashavaani created by Kaalaketu said “donot eat this aahaaram it has Vipra-maamsam”. Without thinking Viprottamas gave shaapam to Prataapabhaanu “along with your family become a Raakshasa. In one year you, along with your family will die and no one will be left to give you tarpanam too”. Prataapabhaanu became very sad. Then real Aakaashavaani said “there is no mistake of Prataapabhaanu. without thinking you gave shaapam”. Prataapabhaanu ran inside and saw that there was no food, no Purohita and everything was maaya.

The Viprottamas replied “even though it was not your mistake, Vidhi cannot be changed. Kaala-mahima is great. One must experience the result of his paapam-punyam. Our shaapam cannot be taken back”. Knowing this, the Kapata-sanyaasi, along with other Kings, attacked Prataapabhaanu. Prataapabhaanu and his family died in the fierce battle.

Prataapabhaanu took birth as Raavana and Arimardana as Kumbhakarana. Dharmaruchi became Vibheeshana, the great Bhakta of Shri Raama Chandra. Prataapabhaanu’s family became raakshas and did many paapa-karyams.

(this was the reason for Raama-avataar in one of the Kalpams. Kalpa-antara-bhedam in Raamaayana, Bhaarata Kathas are hence usual).

Morals in the story:

  1. “Duraasha leads to difficulties”. For a human, aasha is necessary. But “ati sarvatra varjate”. Though Prataapabhaanu had everything — he was ruler of entire Bhuumandalam, he had great aishvaryam, good brother and Mantri, used to do Dharma-paalana, had everything, still he wanted more and asked the Kapata-sanyaasi for more.
  2. We must be very careful and choose a Guru/teacher/Purohita. With pralobham of being ruler of earth for 100 Kalpams, Prataapabhaanu blindly believed the “unknown” Sanyaasi, leaving his own Purohita, Mantri and Guru. Especially he being a King must be more careful, since his entire Raajyam will depend on him.
  3. Kapata buddhi is well shown in this story through the words of the Kuhana-sanyaasi. Kapatam is a very bad durgunam. (See this story, where God punishes a Kapata)
  4. One must be careful about enemies (either bahih-shatru or antah-shatru like Kaamam, Krodham etc.). They can anytime cause our destruction. So we must always have a check on them.
  5. The importance Bhaarateeyas give to Parishubhrata is also shown in this story. Though Prataapabhaanu was exhausted, he took snaanam in the pushkarini and then had the jalam to quench his thirst.

Search Terms: Ravana, Prathapabhanu, Pratapabhanu, Vibhishana, Vibhiishana

Published in: on August 16, 2006 at 11:59 pm  Comments (5)  

Story of the great Nāḍī Jaṅgha

Once upon a time in Naimiśāraṇyam, Śaunaka-ādi munis requested the great Pourāṇikottama, Sūta, to tell the Kṛtajñata-Dharma Vaibhavam. Sūta māhāmuni told the following story:

Kṛtajñata is a great sat-guṇam. Not forgetting a favour done is the minimum one can do. Kṛtajñata is one of the such Dharmas, where following the Dharmam does not carry any special Puṇya, but not following will give mahāpāpam. Saying thus, Sūta muni continued:

Once there lived a brāhmaṇa, a Kāśyapavamśajāta. But, he left his svadharmam and lived like a kirātaka in some forest. Everyday he used to hunt animals and lead a himsa-maya jīvanam. He was a māmsa-bhakṣhaka and had his interests in doing many other durita-kāryas. A person who believes that Indriya-sukhas are Paramārtham, runs behind viṣhayas and vañchas, always will want to earn more and more. To satisfy his vañchas, he dares to go against Dharmam and Nyāyam. A person who does not have Daiva-bhīti and Pāpa-bhīti not only does immense harm to himself, but also to the society.

Once he went to deśāntaras along with some vartakas for earning more money (in his durāśa). On their way, they reached a durgama parvata śreṇi. Meanwhile, a madagajam came running and chased them away. Each of them ran for their life and the kāśyapavamśajāta got separated from others and reached a still more gahana durgama-sthalam. He did not know how to get back to his svasthalam. He searched a lot for a way and finally reached the shade of an Aśvattha vṛkṣham, tired and exhausted.

On the top of the Vṛkṣham lived a mahābaka by name Nāḍī Jaṅgha (see this story too). He was not an ordinary baka. He had a mahākāyam and had Dharma-adharma vicakṣhaṇa, sambhāṣhaṇā sāmarthyam. He was the mitra of Lord Brahma and hence used to once in a while go and come to Brahmalokam. The Dharmajña, Nāḍī Jaṅgha, saw the exhausted human reaching the shade of the Vṛkṣham and gave sādara-ātithyam to him. He asked "O mahātma! who are you? Where are you coming from and heading to?". The brāhmaṇādhama told how he got lost and the reason for his exhaustion. With sānubhūti-vacanas, Nāḍī Jaṅgha invited the patita. He offered sweet water, very tasty food and with his big wings fanned air for him. Nāḍī Jaṅgha, seeing that it is dark, said "O mahānubhāva! You have now become a mitra of mine. So it is my kartavyam to remove your dāridryam and duhkham. Near to this place stays my priya mitra, Virūpākṣha, a King of the Rākṣhasas. He is a Dharmātma, has Madhuvrajam as his rājadhāni and lives 3 yojanas away from here. If you go to him and tell him that I have sent you, he will give you many dhana-ratnas. Tomorrow morning you can leave for his place, please take rest in my place for tonight". Nāḍī Jaṅgha prepared a kusuma-śayya and gave undisturbed sleep for the brāhmaṇādhama by guarding him all night from wild animals.

The patita brāhmaṇa left for Virūpākṣha's place the next day morning and was taken with great respect to the king by the rakṣhaka bhatas, on hearing the name of Nāḍī Jaṅgha. A person's ācāras, Dharmādharmas, bhāvas clearly appear in his ākṛti. A Dharmātma can easily see these in a person. Also being a King, Virūpākṣha immediately recognized that the brāhmaṇa was a bhraṣhṭa. However, since he was sent by his mitra, Nāḍī Jaṅgha, the king did many great satkāras to the brāhmaṇa. In a suvarṇa sthālikā he offered good food, gave him many kinds of dhana-ratnas and sent him away. Not able to carry the huge dhana-rāśis, the pāpātma planned to take rest at Nāḍī Jaṅgha's place on his way back. As usual, Nāḍī Jaṅgha offered him ātithyam and requested him to take rest in his place for the night.

The patita brāhmaṇa woke up in the mid-night and saw Nāḍī Jaṅgha, who was near by. Seeing the well-built baliṣhṭa deham of Nāḍī Jaṅgha, the durātma got a durbuddhi. Our style of living determines our ālocanas. Because the patita always had himsa in his mind, his ālocanas were pāpa-bhūyiṣhṭhas. He did not see a mahātma who gave him ātithyam and ājīvana-dhana sampadas in Nāḍī Jaṅgha; instead he saw a mouth-watering meal. He thought that Nāḍī Jaṅgha will be a great meal for his next days exhaustive journey. He immediately took a big stick and banged Nāḍī Jaṅgha and killed him. The kṛtaghna removed the baka's feathers, fried the māmsam and took it in his bag. Virūpākṣha, being a priya mitra of Nāḍī Jaṅgha, woke up abruptly from his sleep and started worrying about him. He ordered his rakṣhaka-bhatas to see if Nāḍī Jaṅgha was alright. He immediately ordered the bhatas to bring the kṛtaghna, on learning what happened. Seeing the patita, the King ordered "O Rākṣhasas! Cut this fellow into pieces and eat him. Since you are Rākṣhasas you can eat nara-māmsam". The sevakas replied "Kṣhama mahārāja! We cannot even smell the māmsam of this kṛtaghna". Saying this, they offered the māmsam to dogs, which also did not touch it.

Our bhāvas, karmas go into the aṇu-paramāṇus of our śarīram and carry on to many janmas. This is why our Dharma-śāstras always warn us to do sat-karmas and have sat-bhāvam. Meanwhile, the sad Virūpākṣha did the kriya-karmas for Nāḍī Jaṅgha, to provide him with sat-gatis. Knowing the sad news, Brahmadeva brought back the life of Nāḍī Jaṅgha, using the Amṛta-kṣhīram of Kāmadhenu. Seeing his friend, Nāḍī Jaṅgha, Virūpākṣha was very happy and explanied him all the story. Nāḍī Jaṅgha became very sad on hearing that his mitra, the patita brāhmaṇa was killed!! He requested his priya mitra, Brahmadeva to give back the life of the brāhmaṇa. Brahmadeva, surprised seeing the mahaudaryam of Nāḍī Jaṅgha, gave back the life of the durātma. Nāḍī Jaṅgha gave back all the sampadas to the kṛtaghna and sent him off. The patita went away happily without having any kind of paścāttāpam.

Sūta muni continued: That pāpātma will not have any niṣhkṛti. Now he was saved by the audāryam and karuṇārdra-hṛdayam of Nāḍī Jaṅgha, but this mahāpāpam will carry over to his janma-janmāntaras. Because he has to experience the entire pāpa phalitam he did not even have paścāttāpam (If he had, then pāpam may be will reduce). One must have done atleast some minimum puṇyam to get paścāttāpam. Any pāpam might have a niṣhkṛti, but not kṛtaghnata. That too a mitra-droham is a mahāpātakam.

Brahmadeva gave āśīrvādam to Nāḍī Jaṅgha saying "because you are a śreṣhṭha Dharmācāri you will be known as 'Rājadharma'. Even devatas will do namaskāras for your Dharma-svabhāvam and kṣhamā guṇam".

Morals in the story:

1. Importance of kṛtajñatādharmam is well illustrated in the story.
2. Mitra-droham and kṛtaghnata will lead to mahāpāpas, which do not have any niṣhkṛti.
3. Nāḍī Jaṅgha taught us great sat-guṇas like atithi seva, mitra-lābham, karuṇa and kṣhama.
4. The importance of following once own svadharmam is well shown in the story. The patita brāhmaṇa left his svadharma and took to paradharmam. He did lot of himsāyuta-pāpakāryas without any daivabhīti or pāpabhīti.

Search Terms: Nadijangha, Nadi Jangha, Virupaksha, krutagnyata, kshama

Published in: on June 18, 2006 at 5:07 pm  Comments (4)  

Duraasha leads to difficulties

The story of the great Shibi chakravarti is well known. He is very famous for his daya and daana gunas. Even in his kingdom, there used to live a krupana by name Naarayana. Naaraayana had earned ten crores, but never gave anybody anything. Leave aside giving food to co-existing animals and neighbours, he never even gave proper food to his own mother.

One day he had to buy some fruits, so he started bargaining in the shop in his village. Feeling that the cost is very high, he walked all the way to the near by town to get for a lesser price. If the shopkeeper said 1 ana, he used to ask for 1/2 and so on. Finally in his greed he decided to go to a farm and steal them, since then he will get for free. We walked a very great distance to a farm. Though he was not young enough, he put effort and climbed the tree. With great difficulty he got some fruits and continued because of his greed. He in the greed started ascending the tree more and more. Suddenly he slipped and was hanging from a branch of the tree, which was pretty high from the ground.

Fortunately a maavati (Elephant master) was going along and naaraayana shouted for help. He also offered half of his property in case the maavati helped him. The maavati, in greed for naaraayana's money, went with the elephant near to him and stood on it and was trying to bring naaraayana down. Meanwhile, the elephant saw the near pond and it went away to drink some water, leaving the maavati hanging on to naaraayana. Maavati then begged naaraayana, "swamy I will give my elephant to you, please hold the branch tightly". To the relief of them there was a saahini (a horse rider) passing by. The maavati shouted to him for help and offered his elephant in return of favour. Saahini in greed for the elephant, went to help them and the horse too took the way of the elephant.

Morals in the story:

  1. One must never be greedy. Because of greed a man stops thinking and acts foolish.
  2. A greedy man not only destroys himself but also others.
  3. People must help each other with love and affection, but not for money.
Published in: on May 30, 2006 at 6:27 pm  Comments (1)  
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