Dushta-saangatya Dosham

On the way to the great Ujjaini Nagaram, there was a Pippala-Vruksham (Ashwattha Vruksham). On it use to live a Vaayasam (crow) and a Hamsa. One afternoon, when Suurya-deva was showing His power, came a Paantha (traveller). He not able to tolerate the heat, thought of taking rest in the shade of the Ashwattha Vruksham. When he was taking rest, the Hamsa saw that, through the gaps between leaves of tree, sun-light was directly falling on the face of the Paantha.

Hamsa, who was a Dayaalu, couldnt see this and spread out his wings and thus gave shade to the Paantha sleeping under the tree. Seeing the Paantha was sleeping happily, the Vaayasam got Iirsha due to his natural Dushta-svabhaavam. The Vaayasam, out of Matsaram, put his puriishotsargam (put its droppings) on the face of the Paantha and flew away.

Though it had nothing to gain by troubling the traveller, it troubled him because, for Dushtas Para-piida (paining others) itself gives pleasure. The Paantha woke up and saw the Hamsa which was above him and thinking that it has done this to him, shot it with an arrow. The innocent Hamsa fell down and died.

Morals in the Story:

  1. The Daya of Hamsa is great. Not able to see the difficulty of the traveller, it spread its wings, took all the heat and protected the traveller. There is no greater Dharmam than Paropakaaram.
  2. Even though the Hamsa is a sajjana, just because it stayed with the Vaayasam (dushta), it got into difficulties. One must never be in the Saagatyam of bad. Durjanas not only destroy themselves, but also others with them.
  3. Krodham is one’s greatest enemy. Because of his anger, the traveller, without thinking what actually happened, killed the innocent Hamsa. Coming under Krodham one can do any great paapam, hence one must always be away from it.
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Published in: on October 18, 2006 at 11:59 pm  Comments (16)  

Krishnaahi-Jambukam-Vyaapaari Katha

A Vyaapaari was walking through an Aranyam near Himavat-parvatams. Suddenly a huge Daavaanalam (forest fire) spread and a Krishnaahi (Black Cobra) got caught in it. It trembled with fear seeing the sky-touching flames. It didnt know where to go. The Kaala-sarpam then saw the Vyaapaari and cried for help “O Aarta-jana-sharanya! Not knowing where to run to save my live, when I did Daiva-praarthana, like Bhagavaan you came. You look as great as Shibi Chakravarti to me. Please do my praana-raksha”.

The Vyaapaari was a dayaamaya. He couldnt even see the duhkhum of a dushta-jantu like the Krishnaahi. With aganya-kaarunyam, the Vartaka-shreshtha went into the Daavaanalam and found the Krishnaahi. He tied a syuutam (bag) to one end of his hand-stick, caught it by the other and put the syuutam near the Visha-sarpam. Krishnaahi crawled into the syuutam, coiled itself and stayed safely in it. The Vartaka then brought the Krishnaahi to a safe place and left it.

Instead of showing Krutagnya to the Vartaka, Krishnaahi said “Maanavas and Sarpas always have Shatrutvam. I will not leave you”. It immediately hissed and jumped on the Vartaka. Shocked, trembling with fear, the Vartaka ran for his life. Vartaka was running and the Krishnaahi was following. They ran into a Jambukam (jackal), which was sleeping in a cave. The Srugaalam (jackal) said seeing Krishnaahi “O Uragaraaja! Why are you chasing this Vartaka. Please tell me your story, I will help if I can”.

Krishnaashi then told the story to the Gomaayu (jackal). Putting an expression as if it was surprised, Jambukam said “I dont believe you. You are so huge. I dont believe that you fit in this small syuutam”. To show how it was possible, the Krishnaahi went into the syuutam and coiled itself. Gomaayu then hand-signalled the Vartaka, who was awe-struck and was looking on, to close the syuutam. Vartaka then closed the opening of the syuutam and then hit it with his stick and sent it to Narakam.

Morals in the Story:

  1. Krutaghnata is a paapa-kaaryam which doesnt have any Nishkruti (see this story). Though the Vartaka saved the live of the cobra, it instead of showing Krutagnyata went to kill him. A Krutaghna will always face difficulties in the end.
  2. The Bhuuta-daya of the Vartaka is well shown in the story. Even though it is a Visha-sarpam, without caring about his own life, the Vartaka went into the fire and saved the Cobra.
Published in: on October 12, 2006 at 11:59 pm  Comments (2)  

Shasha-Pakshi-Maarjaala Katha

Kapinjalam, a Pakshi (bird), used to live in the Vruksha-Kotaram (hole of the tree) in an Aranyam near Vindhya-Parvatas. One day, at Suuryaastamaanam, there was a very heavy rain, because of which Kapinjalam couldnt return to its home in time. Meanwhile, a Shasham (rabbit), by name Deerggha-karna, who was wet in rain, came to the Vruksha-Kotaram. Deerggha-karna took aashrayam in the Vruksha-Kotaram and slept.

Kapinjalam then reached its home and said “O Shashaadhama! Seeing the time when I am not there, you came and occupied my house. Now also its not late. If you want to live, leave the place”. With Garvam, Deerggha-karna replied “enough. Dont think I’ll be afraid of these warnings from you. Vaapii-kuupam, Tataakam (wells, lakes), Vruksha-Kotaram etc. belong to those who first occupy them. They will never be under the control of one person all the time. If you dont go away I am ready to fight”.

“Ok. I accept the challenge. Lets do Yuddham at Suuryodayam. Be patient till then” said Kapinjalam. Both spent the night thinking about the Yuddham. They woke up by Suuryodayam and then they thought who will be Dharma-nirneta? Deergha-karna then said “In Narmadaa-nadii teeram there lives a Maarjaala-shreshtha by name Dadhi-karna. He is a Dharmaatma, Samavarti, Shaanta-muurti”. By the time of Maadhyaahnikam, they reached Dadhi-karna, the Kapata-Dhaarmika, Kevala-jathara-puuraka (one who lives only for filling his stomach) and said “O Maarjaala-naayaka! We have a Sthala-vivaadam (fight for land). Please tell us what is Dharmam, without having Pakshapaatam. Please give your Dharma-nirnayam, without making us wait for long”. Dadhi-karna replied

“you are telling you are coming from a far off place. I am already weak with Jaraabharam (old age) and more because of Chaandraayana-vratam. So you both come near me and tell loudly in my ears your arguments”. Immediately Dadhi-karna continued, thinking that Kapinjalam and Deergha-karna wont believe in him, “it is time for my Maadhyaahnika-anushthaanam. After that I have to do Daana-dharmas. Even though there are many who can do Dharma-nirnayam, you came to me from a long distance. So it is not correct to send you away”. He then told the following Neeti:

When Mrutyu comes, the only thing that saves is Dharmam. Nothing else will be of any use. Hence whatever difficulties may come, one must never leave Dharmam. All this is Parama-Satyam. One must never leave Satyam. It is the muulam for all Shubhams. Along with Satyam, one must have Bhuuta-daya. Bhuuta-daya is an alankaaram to all Dharmas. ‘Ahimsa Paramodharmah‘. Kruuraatmas who dont know this leave Bhuuta-daya and run only after protecting their own shariiram. ‘Svaashritaavanasamo na hi Dharmah‘ says Vedam. Hence we must never leave aashritas. So I will help you. A Sajjana must leave Lobham first. Duraasha makes even great people do paapa-kaaryams” (see this story).

Listening to these Neeti-vaakyams, Kapinjalam and Deergha-karna believed in the Kapata and came near Dadhi-karna. Immediately Dadhi Karna killed both of them and ate them happily. While dying Kapinjalam and Deergha-karna had pashchaattaapam and thought “Hatavidhi! Why did we fight over a small issue? What is there is he sleeps or I sleep or both share for one night? Then we believed in this Kapata. Even after knowing what qualities a Dharma-nirneta must have, we made a mistake. Vinaasha Kaale Vipariita buddhi”.

Morals in the Story:

  1. Yuddham always has many side-effects. Fighting for a small thing, both Deergha-karna and Kapinjalam lost their lives. Hence in our Raaja-dharmam, one always tries to send Shaanti-sandesham first. (Shri Raama and Yudhishthira do the same)
  2. One must be very careful while choosing a Dharma-nirneta. Not knowing about Dadhi-karna fully, Deergha-karna and Kapinjalam went to the Kapata-dhaarmika for Dharma-nirnayam.
Published in: on October 10, 2006 at 11:59 pm  Comments Off on Shasha-Pakshi-Maarjaala Katha  

Devasharma’s Duraasha

In the Divya Ayodhyaa Nagaram, there used to live a Braahmana by name Devasharma. On Mahaavishuvat-Sankraanti, he went as a Bhokta for a Shraaddha-karma in another Vipra’s house. The Vipra gave Devasharma a Saktu-ghatam (pot full of rice flakes).

Devasharma took the Saktu-ghatam and was walking slowly back to his house. After walking for sometime, since he ate a lot, he wanted to take rest. In those days, every house used to have a platform in front of the house, so that people, Yaatrikas can take rest if tired. Feeling tired, Devasharma thought of lying down in a Kumbhakaara’s (potter) house. He spread his Uttareeyam on the platform, kept left hand under his head as a pillow and kept a stick in the right hand to protect the Saktu-ghatam from robbers.

With half-closed eyes, he was dreaming. He thought “when good price comes, I will sell this Saktu-ghatam. With that money I will buy a good Mesham (goat). Every year it will atleast give birth to two. After some years, I will have many. Then I will sell them and buy 100 good cows. That Dhenushatakam will give birth to many in course of time. Like this I will get great Dhenu-Sampada. I will use some to help in Vyavasaayam (agriculture), and some I will sell. I will also sell the Dhaanyam I get doing Vyavasaayam for a good price. Like this in no time, I’ll become a Koteeshvara. Then many will offer me their Putrikas for Kalyaanam. I will choose the best of them and marry. I will have a putra who will be more beautiful than Manmatha. I will name him Somasharma. In case Somasharma’s Maata doesnt take good care of him, I will punish her”.

Just when he was dreaming about this, he fell asleep and he thought really his Bhaarya came and started hitting her with a stick (in the dream, for not taking care of Somasharma), whereas actually he started to hit the Saktu-ghatam. All the Saktu fell on the ground and the stick also hit some of the pots that the Kumbhakaara made. Hearing the sound, the Kumbhakaara came out and fined the Braahmana for breaking his pots.

Thus Devasharma lost his Saktu-ghatam and in addition had to pay fine.

Morals in the Story:

  1. Duraasha always leads to difficulties. With duraasha, Devasharma was dreaming about becoming a Koteeshvara and even destroyed what he had, himself. People who only dream about future (and dont work), loose what they have in the present too.
  2. The Paropakaara-buddhi in Bhaarateeya Saampradaayam is shown in the story. Everyone used to leave some space in their house for Yaatrikas etc. to take rest.
Published in: on October 7, 2006 at 11:59 pm  Comments Off on Devasharma’s Duraasha  
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