Priya Vrata

Leading usual saamsaarika-jeevam, but not being involved in the bhogas (materialistic pleasures) and attaining Moksham is the speciality Bhaarateeyas. Bhaarateeyas do Karma but only with Krutagnyataa-buddhi, paropakaara-buddhi and Vairaagyam. Priya Vrata’s story stands as a nice example for this.

Priya Vrata was the putra of Svaayambhuva Manu (the first Manu of the current day of Brahmadeva. See this to know our Kaala-maanam). Due to Priya Vrata’s adrushtam, Naarada maharshi came and gave Adhyaamtma-vidyaa-daanam to him. Though Svaayambhuva Manu wanted to make Priya Vrata the King, seeing his Dharma-buddhi, Priya Vrata was not at all interested in the Bhoga-bhaagyas of a King and went to pavitra Gandhamaadana Parvatas (where Paandavas spent part of their Aranya-vaasam) and did Tapas with great Nishtha.

Brahmadeva appeared before Priya Vrata and said “being a Gruhastha and having Aatma-gnyaanam, one can attain Moksham. Similar to how one does archana of Durga Devi for Shatru-jayam, a Mokshaarthi can be in Gruhasthaashramam and do Shri Naaraayana Naama Smarana, win the arishadvargas and attain Moksham in the end. Hence you do your Kartvayam of Raajya-paalana, never forget Hari-bhajana and thus get Moksham”. Following the Brahmadeva’s aagnya, Priya Vrata then went back to his father. Svaayambhuva Manu did Raajyaabhishekam of Priya Vrata and took Vaanaprastham to do Tapas.

Priya Vrata did Kalyaanam with Barhishmati, the putirka of Vishvakarma and did Dharma-paalanam of his Raajyam, never being invloved in the sukhas and never forgeting Bhagavat-dhyaanam. All putras of Priya Vrata and Barhishmati became great Vishnu Bhaktas. Three of them left to forests for Tapas and reached Parameshvara-sannidhi.

One day Priya Vrata got this thought: “we know Suurya-deva goes around Meru and the other side will have darkness. Why did not anyone try giving light to the other side?”. He thought “why not me?”. He immediately, with his Tapas-shakti, aboarded a Divya-ratham and started going opposite of Suurya-deva! People were surprised to see the second Surya. Because of this, the sapta-dveepams were formed on the Bhuu-madalam: Jambu-dveepam (here is our Pavitra Bhaarata-desham), Paksha, Kusha, Krauncha, Shauka, Shaalmali and Pushkara Dveepas. Also Sapta-saagaras were formed: Lavana, Ikshu, Sura, Aajya, Ksheera, Dadhi and Jala. Priya Vrata made his seven putras the Kings of the Sapta-dveepams.

(SEE THIS BEAUTIFUL IMAGE)

Priya Vrata then completely left his moham on the Raajyam, Bhaarya, putras and remembered the Aatma-vidya given to him by Shri Naarada maharshi and did Adhyaatma-satra-yaagam. He considered the sukhas in Bhuu, Svarga lokam as nothing and became more interested in Moksham. With nishkalmasha-hrudayam he always did Vishnu-dhyaanam and because of his Vishnu-bhakti reached Vaikuntham.

Morals in the story:

  1. The Vairaagya Buddhi of Bhaarateeyas is well shown in the story. They do their Kartavyam, but keeping in mind what is Satyam and never forget Bhagavat-dhyaanam.
  2. Priya Vrata, because of his paropakaara-buddhi, was able to use his Tapas-shakti to do adbhuta-kaaryams. He became an Apara-suurya and gave aanandam to many.
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Published in: on September 4, 2006 at 11:59 pm  Comments Off on Priya Vrata  

King Bhartruhari becomes a Viraagi

Perhaps there will be no Bhaarateeya who did not hear about “Bhartruhari Subhaashitaani”. He was the Bhraata of the great Vikramaaditya maharaja. He was a great Samskruta kavi. In addition to Subhaashita-Ratnaavali, he wrote divya granthas like: “Vaakyapradeepam” (a vyaakarana grantham), “Raahata kaavyam”, “Kaarika” (Pantanjala mahabhaashya vyaakarana ruupam).

Vararuchi, Vikramaaditya, Bhatti and Bhrartruhari were the priya-putras of Keshava Sharma. Bhrartruhari was made the King and he did Raajya-paalana around 135 years before Shaalivaahana Shakam. From childhood, Bhartruhari was always interested in Saadhu, Sajjana seva.

Once a poor Braahmana in Bhrartruhari’s Raajyam did upaasana of Bhuvaneshvarii Maata. He knew sakala mantra-shaastras. Bhuvaneshvarii devi appeared before him and gave him a divya-phalam and said that whoever eats this phalam will not have jaraa-maranam (will not become old and be immortal). The Braahmana thought like this “I am a poor Braahmana. What rakshana of others can I do even by living for long. Anyway since I am Braahmana, I must do Bhiksha-aatana and eat. If I give this to the Raaja, he can do great seva to the praja and do their Rakshana”. Thinking like this he went to Bhartruhari and gave his aashiirvaadam, the divya-phalam and told its Mahima.

However Bhartruhari gave it to his priyaa, Anangasena. She in turn gave it to her priya-sakha, an ashva-poshaka. The ashva-poshaka gave the divya-phalam to his daasi and she in turn gave to her priya, a Gopaalaka. The Gopaalaka gave the divya-phalam to his priyatama. She kept it in the basket in which she was carrying cattle-dung and was going through Raaja-viidhi to her house. To his surprise Bhrartruhari saw that the divya-phalam finally reached in such a place. He called her and got to know the entire story.

Knowing what had happened, he got Virakti on samsaaram. He realized that everything is mithya and Bhagavat-bhakti is only shaashvatam. He then left for the aranyas to do Tapas, giving the Divya-phalam to Vikramaaditya. Aaha! Vidhi is great. Finally the phalam reached the person who deserved it.

Bhartruhari then wrote Neetishatakam, Shrugaarashatakam and Vairaagyashatakam. He spent the rest of his life as a Viraagi doing Daiva-dhyaanam. Once, taking pity on an old Braahmana, Vikramaaditya gave away the divya-phalam to him!

रत्नैर्महार्हैस्तुतुषुर्न देवा न भेजिरे भीम-विषेण भीतिम्।
सुधां विना न परयुर्विरामं न निश्चितार्थाद्विरमन्ति धीराः॥
— भर्तृहरेः नीतिशतकम्
ratnairmahārhaistutuṣurna devā na bhejire bhīma-viṣeṇa bhītim |
sudhāṁ vinā na parayurvirāmaṁ na niścitārthādviramanti dhīrāḥ||
— bhartṛhareḥ nītiśatakam
Morals in the story:

  1. Paropakaara buddhi of Bhaarateeyas is well shown in this story through the Braahmana who did upaasana of Bhuvaneshvarii devi and the great Vikramaaditya maharaja.
  2. The Braahmana showed us what is Nishkaama Bhakti. Though Bhuvaneshvarii devi gave him the divya-phalam, he gave it to the King, who can protect many more.
  3. Saadhu, Sajjana seva, respecting elders are great sadgunas. Bhartruhari was always interested in them.

Search Terms: Bharthruhari, Vikramaditya, Vikramarka, Vikramaarka, Bhuvaneshwari, Bhuvaneshvari

Published in: on August 13, 2006 at 9:22 pm  Comments (13)  

Bharata — Dushyanta putra

(see this Bharata’s story too)

Bharata was the putra of the great Dushyanta and Shakuntala. Kanva maharshi did the jaataka-karmaadi samskaaram of Bharata. Bharata was Shri Hari’s amsha and was a paraakramashaali. Right from his childhood he was a Balashaali. He used to catch ferocious lions and play with them in his childhood! Dushyanta did pattaabhishekam of Bharata and went to the forests for Tapas. After Dushyanta, Bharata did Dharma-paalanam of this entire Bhuumandalam.

Bharata, the mahaa-yashasvi, became Chakravarti of the Sapta-dviipas. Since he is a Daiva-amsha-sambhuuta, his name will always be remembered. On his Dakshina hastam, Bharat had Chakra-chinham and on his legs had Padma-kosha Chinham.

He did 55 Ashvamedha Yaagas in the Karma Bhuumi between Gangaa-Saagara-sangamam and Gangotpatti-sthaanam. Later, with Diirghatapasa as Purohita, on the Yamunaa-tiiram, Bharata did 78 Ashvamedha Yaagas!

A collection 13084 Gomaata (cows) is called as “Dvandvam”. Bharata did “Dvandvam” daanam, along with the calfs, decorated with golden ornaments, to 1000 Viprottamas. During “Mashnaara” Yagnyam, he gave daanam of 1400000 Gajas (elephants), along with suvarnam (gold). Panditas say that, there has been none before and will be none after Bharata who did such adbhuta daanams!

Bharata was a great Dhairya, Paraakrama-shaali. During the course of the Ashvamedha Yaagams, Bharata caught 3300 ashvas and surprised the Kings! Bharata did dushta-samhaaram — he did vadha of Kiraata, Huuna, Yavana, Poundra, Kanku, Khashu, Shaku, Mlechchha and other Sanaata-Dharma-viruddha Raajas. Long ago, the asuras once defeated the Devatas, took away the Devata-striis and hid them in Rasaatalam. Bharata saved all of them and returned them to the Devatas. During his rule, both Svargam and Pruthvi used to give whatever the praja wanted.

Though Bharata had more sampada than Kubera and was unparalled in Paraakramam, knowing that Dhanam, Aishvaryam, Raajya-lakshmi, his priya putras … are all mithya, he never had Vishaya-bhogas and always wanted Shaanti. He did Yuddham of Dharma-sthaapana and not with Keerti-kaanksha or Raajya-kaanksha. Like this, with Vairaagyam, he did paalanam of this Bharata Khandam for 27000 years (see Kaala-maanam)! From him only the Bharata-vamsham originated. Also the Divya Mahaa-bhaarata aamnaayam, which was originally named by Vyaasa as Jayam, got its name as “Bhaaratam” because it describes this Bharata’s Vamsha-charitra. (this is only one of the meanings of Bhaaratam)

Morals in the story:

  1. The daana, paropakaara gunams of Bharata must be cultivated by all of us. People say a person who did so many divya-kaaaryas never ever existed or will ever exist (Na bhuuto na bhavishyati).
  2. Though Bharata had Paraakramam and Dhairyam, he did not do Yuddhams with Raajya, Dhana Kaanksha. He killed Kings who are against Sanaata-dharmam and did Dharma-sthaapana.
  3. The Vairaagya buddhi of Bhaarateeyas is well displayed in this story. They do Karma, but never are interested in the materialistic benifits of it and do it with Paropakaara-bhaavana.

Message:

It is indeed our adrushtam to be born as Bhaarateeyas. Bhaarata-desham is the only Karma-bhuumi. Hence, though Bharata ruled entire Bhuumandalam, he did all the Yaagas, Yagnyams, Vratams in this Karma-bhuumi only. As told in many of the previous stories, there are many Divya-kshetras, Siddha-pradeshas, Siddha-aashramams in this Bhaarata Desham.

Search Terms: Bharatha, Dushyantha, Sakuntala, Shakunthala, Sakunthala, Bhaaratham, Mahabharat

Published in: on August 11, 2006 at 11:59 pm  Comments (2)  

Bharata — Rushabha maharaja putra -1

After the great Rushabha maharaja, one of the 21 important avatars of Mahaavishnu, His prathama putra, Bharata, did Raajya-paalanam of this Bhuumandalam very well. He followed his ancestors and never deviated from the path of Dharma and Satyam, with the anugraham of Shri Hari and Viprottamas. Before Bharata, this Bhuubhaagam used to be known as “Ajanaabha”. Because Bharata ruled it, it got the name BHAARATA VARSHAM.

During that time a Raaja by name Vishvaruupa, who was like Chandra in the group of Kings, used to be there. His putrika was Panchajani. Bharata, in a su-muhuurtam, did Kalyaanam with Panchajani. Similar to how Panchatanmaatras (Shabdam, Sparsha, Ruupam, Rasam, Gandham) are born out of Ahankaaram, Bharata had five putras — Sumati (Indradyumna was the putra of Sumati), Raashtra-bhrutt, Sudarshana, Aacharana, Dhuumraketu through Panchajani.

Bharata also did many Yagnyas, Yaagas for the benifit of his Raajyam and praja. He did all the satkarmas which need to be done at Amaavaasya and Pournima. He did all Agnihotras that are supposed to be done in Chaaturmaasyams. He did many Pashuyaagams, Somayaagams and did many great Daanams in them. As recommended by our Shaastras, he never did any of these Karmas with Svaartham and did “Parameshvara-arpanam” of these Karmas. Thinking about the greatness of Paramaatma, with Bhaktimaya-Hrudayam, he used to do Raajya-paalana.

Like this, with Satya-nishtha, Dharma-diiksha and Daiva-bhakti, he ruled the Bhaarata Varsham for 5000000000 years! (see this story to know Bhaarateeya Kaala-maanam)

He then divided his Raajyam among his 5 putras, left ananta-aishvaryam, palaces and other Bhogas and left for Pulaha-aashramam. In search of Mukti-maargam, with Vairaagyam, he left his house, sons and all bhogas and took Vaanaprastham. Though it was difficult to leave his sons and go away, knowing that all what we see is nothing but Vishnu-maaya, he controlled himself and left for Tapas at Pulaha-aashramam.

Shrimannaaraayana, in pratyaksha-ruupam, stays at Pulaha-aashramam and blesses the Bhaktas. The great Gandakii-nadii, which has many Saalagraamams, flows just beside Pulaha-aashramam. Staying there alone, Bharata did ekaanta-seva of Srimannaaraayana. He used to do Archana of Mahaavishnu with Pushpam, Toyam, Tulasi-dalam, Tiirtha-jalam, Kamalam, Phalam. Because of Bhagavat-bhakti, slowly he lost all his desires, stayed away from arishadvargas and gained Shama-Dama aadi gunas. He used to experience Paramaanandam.

Kaalamahima is great. Vidhi cannot be changed. Everyone must completely experience the result of his Punya-paapam. However if one has Bhagavat-krupa, God will only show us way in our difficulties, remove our durgunas and take us near to Kaivalyam. Bharata’s story is a perfect example of how strong is Praarabdham:

One day Bharata as usual was doing snaanam in Gandakii-nadii. He stood in water and did Pranava-japam for 3 Muhuurta-kaalam. Then a deer, who was pregnant, came and started drinking water from the Nadi. Suddenly it heard the heart-breaking roar of a lion and with fright it tried to jump. Due to the fear, the baby deer fell out and the mother deer hit a near by stone and died. Bharata took pity on the helpless baby deer and started doing poshana of it. He knew that it is his duty and a Punya kaaryam to save the life of a deer.

However Bharata slowly became more and more attracted towards it. He used to always think about it — while sitting, sleeping, taking bath, collecting Samidhas, fruits, leaves, while bringing water, during Daiva-praarthana. Even during Japam he used to think about the deer! He used to always protect the deer from wild animals. Slowly he left doing Dhyaanam, forgot his dina-charya, Nitya-karma.

He forgot the very reason why he left his Raajyam, sons, Bhogas etc. and came to the forests. Though he left Moham of the Raajya-bhogas, he developed greater Moham on the deer. Aaha! Karma-bandham is great.

Finally, the day when Bharata had to leave his physical body came. While leaving his praanam, he looked at the deer as his own son. He was only thinking about the deer and left his life. As a result, in his next janma he was born as a deer. However because of his ananta-Punyam, he had poorva-janma-smruti.

(to be continued… Keep reading to know how ultimately Bharata got Moksham)

Morals in the story:

  1. One must have Satya-nishtha, Dharma-Diiksha and Bhagavat-bhakti. With these Satgunas, Bharata was able to rule the Bhaarata Varsham for a very long time and gained ananta-keerti.
  2. The Vairaagya buddhi of Bhaarateeyas and greatness of our Saampradaayam is shown in this story, through the Vaanaprastha-aashramam. People used to leave all the materialistic bhogas etc. and search for Moksha maargam.
  3. Vishnu-maaya is great. We must always be careful and do Karma, but not being interested in the materialistic aspects of it. Even for the great Bharata controlling Moham was difficult.

Search Terms: Bharatha, Rishabha, Bhaaratha, Ajanabha,

Published in: on August 10, 2006 at 11:59 pm  Comments (11)  

Unnata aadarshaas of Bhaarateeyas – Kalyaanam

The mahonnata divya aadarshaas of Indians have always surprised everyone. Kalyaanam — Gruhastaashramam is one of the aspects of Bhaarateeya saampradaayam that show the aadarsha bhaavaas of Indians. According to our saampradaayam, Kalyaanam has two main motives:

  1. The main aim of Kalyaanam is to provide the society great individuals, who by never deviating from the path of Dharma and Truth, act as great resources and help their fellow humans and other living creatures.
  2. The other is to provide the Pitrudevataas a putra who saves them from punnaama narakaas (the very meaning of putra is one who saves from all narakaas that start with 'pu' aksharam) and to provide satgatis to them after leaving their physical body.

Like many great Bhaarateeyas, Jaratkaaru and Devala maharshis did Kalyaanam only to provide satgatis for their Pitrudevataas (and not for the sukhaas and bhogaas). Once upon a time, there was a great maharshi by name Jaratkaaru. He was always involved in following ghora vrataas, japaas and tapaas. He followed tapassvaadhyaayam, brahmacharyam very firmly and was never interested in samsaara bhogaas. He spent many years like this. Once he while going through a forest, saw some shallow waters and a small rat hole. In the rat hole, making a small grass shoot as support, hanging in inverted positions and taking only aaditya-kiranaas as aahaaram, some rushis were doing tapas. Seeing them, he asked them who they were and other details. They replied "What to tell about our poor state? In our vamsham there is a person by name Jaratkaaru. Because of him we are in this poor state. There is no one to send us to uttama-lokas. Here lives a rat by name Kaala (represents the Kaala, Yamadharmaraaja). He in course of time is consuming all shoots of this plant and now only this shoot is left. If that also is taken away by Kaala, we will have to go to adho-lokas. If you by any chance meet Jaratkaaru, please tell him our poor state and ask him to help us." Jaratkaaru then replied to them "Many namaskaaraas O pitrudevatas. I am only Jaratkaaru. Till now I never had samsaarechcha. But seeing your state I have decided to do Kalyaanam". He did his Kalyaanam with Jaratkaaruu, the younger sister of Vaasuki. Jaratkaaru and Jaratkaaruu lead their samsaaram happily, without being involved in any materialistic aspects of it and helped their Pitrudevatas.

Mahaabhaartam, written by Veda Vyaasa in three years with the help of Lord Ganesha, has 60 lakh shlokaas. Only 1 lakh shlokaas were brought to earth by Shri Vyshampaayana, the Shishya of Vyaasa Bhagawaan. The rest were propagated in different lokas — Naarada maharshi propagated It in Devalokam, Devala maharshi in Pitrulokam, Shri Shuka maharshi, the son of Veda Vyaasa, in Garuda, Gandharva, Yaksha, Raakshasa lokas and Shri Sumanta in Naagalokam. Devala maharshi was the son of Pratyuusha and was the shishya of Vyaasa.

Once when Devala maharshi went for teertha-yaatraas and was taking bath in Ganga doing Vishu dhyaanam, his Pitrudevatas appeared and asked him to save them from punnaama narakaas. They said "because of Brahmacharyam Rushi-runam will be returned and due to Agnihotraadi kaaryaas the Devataa-runam will be returned. A sat-santaanam can return the Pitru-runam. So please help us". Devala maharshi did namaskaars to them and replied "O Pitrudevataas! I have become old. How is it possible for me to do Kalyaanam now?" Pitrudevataas replied "Brahma created the daughter of Kaundinya muni for you only. Please ask Kaundinya for her". Devala maharshi then married her and saved his Pitrudevataas through his daughter Suvarchala. However, they were never interested in the bhogaas and lead life with Vairaagyam. Devala maharshi, due to his Pitru Bhakti, was chosen by Veda Vyaasa as the propagator of MahaaBhaarata aamnaayam in Pitru lokas.

Morals in the story:

  1. In the Bhaarateeya saampradaayam, Kalyaanam is mainly for providing the society great individuals and for helping Pitrudevataas. This story shows the unnata bhaavaas of Bhaarateeyas who do karma, but selflessly and without being involved in the materialistic aspects of it.
  2. The Pitru-Bhakti of Jaratkaaru and Devala maharshis is clearly portrayed in the story.

Note:
Ofcourse the story does not apply to Sanyaasis, who take the permission of their parents/elders before entering Sanyaasaashramam, and great people like Bhishmaachaarya, who had the consent of his father to live not having santaanam. Also, the motive 1 shows why our Indian education system was so intense and difficult. After all one must provide the society with an individual who follows the path of Truth and Dharma.

Published in: on June 5, 2006 at 7:06 pm  Comments Off on Unnata aadarshaas of Bhaarateeyas – Kalyaanam  

Story of the great Parikshit maharaja

Parikshit, the great Bhaagavatottama, was the son of veera Abhimanyu and Viraata's daughter, Uttara and was the only successor of Pandavas (see Aswatthaama killing Upa-Paandavas story). He, while in maatru-garbham itself, used to examine carefully all directions (paritaH eekshate) for God! Krishna, the sthiti kaaraka, saved Parikshit in Uttara's garbham, from the devastating Brahmaastra of Ashwatthaama. Parikshit was such a great favourite of God, to the extent that God suppressed the unstoppable Brahmaastra, because he was a great Bhakta and never deviated from the path of Dharma.

After Shri Krishna left to Vaikuntam, the Bhu-devi (who is realized to be in the form of Goomaata) again sank into uncontrollable sorrow. The Dharma-devata (who is realized to be in Vrishabha form) was tortured and legs cut off by Kali. Due to the entrance of Kali, all kinds of adharma kaaryas were encouraged. There is no shuchi-shubhrata, no daya-daanam, no vedas, puraanaas, or shaastra knowledge, no adherence to satyam etc. But Parikshit, with his power, controlled everything and taught Kali a lesson. Kali begged Parikshit mahaaraaja not to kill him saying that, following the kaala-dharma, since it is the start of Kalikaalam, he must be allowed to come and must not be killed. Parikshit to obey the kaala-dharmam allows him some specific places to stay in.

Though Parikshit was so great, due to Kaala Mahima (also see Kaala mahima story) and due to the effect of Kali, unfortunately did a mistake — for which the punishment was death! Once after Mrugaya-vihaaram and killing the trouble causing wild beasts in the forest, completely exhausted, Parikshit reaches the ashram of the great Semeeka maharshi. The maharshi at that time was in deep Daiva-dhyaanam and completely detached from his karmendriyas. Hence, he did not notice the exhausted Parikshit mahaaraaja. King Parikshit, completely exhausted, thought that the maharshi, knowing his exhaustion, did not offer him even water, leave aside aatithyam. So he puts a dead snake around the neck of Semeeka to insult him and leaves the place. Shrungi, the kid of Semeeka, realizing that Parikshit did such an insult to his father, who was a great maharshi, gives Parikshit a shaapam that in seven days Parikshit will die of Takshaka's vishaagnijwaalas. Meanwhile Semeeka maharshi comes back from dhyaanam and comes to know about the entire story.

Semeeka tells Shrungi "Krodham is the main hinderence to tapas. Krodham only stops Animaadi Ashtasiddhis. It is a big hurdle for following the path of Dharma. A tapaswi never should get krodham. Similar to how water unknowingly leakes away quitely from a filled pot, the tapas of a tapaswi who does not have kshama, the dhanam of a dhanavanta who has garvam and the kingdom of a ruler who does not follow Dharma also fade away. Parikshit mahaaraaja is not an ordinary king. It is because of him that Dharma-devata has all four legs. It is because of him Kali has been restricted. Why did you give such a big irrevocable shaapam for a small mistake Parikshit mahaaraaja committed? One must always think twice before he acts and never come into the clutches of anger. One's anger is his greatest enemy. A person looses his dharma-adharma gnyaanam, does not think and causes harm to others and himself because of anger. On receiving scoldings or beatings or whatever harm, a parama-bhakta will experience it with shaantam and will not take pratikaaram. I am quite sure, Parikshit mahaaraaja will not give you a prati-shaapam. Sajjana's do Upakaaram to Upakaaris and Apakaaris. Mahaatmas do not even feel the pleasures and sorrows, everything is same". Semeeka, knowing that now nothing can be done (since the words of Shrungi, who is a firm satya-vaak-paripaalaka, cannot be undone!), sends his shihsya, Gauramukha, to atleast inform Parikshit about the Shrungi's shaapam. Parikshit mahaaraaja comes to know about Shrungi's shaapam.

Parikshit mahaaraaja, thinking why he was taken over by kaama-kroodhaadi (Arishadvargas), says to himself "Why did I insult the great maharshi, knowing that they must always be respected? Why did I venture into such unpardonable Paapakaaryas? Anyway, who can change Daiva-sankalpam. One has to experience the result of his own paapam. Truly speaking what is the mistake of Shrungi? With the ahankaar of a king I act like this. Which son wont give shaapam for such an insult to his father? How can I always make sure that I wont unnecessarily cause pain to goomaatas, devatas and braahmanas?". Being a winner over Arishadvargaas, due to his undisturbed Bhakti on Parameshwara, Parikshit mahaaraaja did not get even a bit angry on Shrungi. Being capable of giving a pratishaapam, he did not give shaapam to Shrungi. Later, due to listening to Srimad Bhaagavatam from none other than Shri Shuka maharshi, Parikshit attains the unattainable Moksham.

Morals in the story:

  1. The importance of being able to control one's anger (and other Arishadvargaas) is well portrayed in the story. One small mistake of Parikshit mahaaraaja costed him his life. (Think — Why Krishna who saved him from the Brahmaastra did not save him from this also)
  2. The conversations between Semeeka maharshi and Shrungi; Parikshit and himself, are a great treasure for morals. Importance of shaantam, being unaffected by joy and sorrow, nature of a true Bhakta etc. can be learnt from the conversations.
  3. The end result for good people is always good (also see King Nruga's story). So though Parikshit mahaaraaja had to experience the result of his mistake, in the end, because he was a true Bhakta and firm-follower of Dharma got Paramapadam in the end.
  4. Knowing that he will be dying in 7 days, Parikshit mahaaraaja did not want to, in hurry, enjoy off all the pleasures before he dies nor he wasted time in trying to protect himself from Takshaka. This shows what unnata-bhaavas a Bhaagavatottama's (true Bhakta) will have!
Published in: on May 25, 2006 at 5:06 pm  Comments (69)  

The story of two yogis

A person who does anything that he does to utmost perfection, without being involved in its materialistic aspects and benifits is called a Yogi. However, since it is very difficult for a person to attain such a state, principled ways like vaanaprastham, sanyaasam have been suggested, to train a person to be dettached from the materialistic world. The following story shows the importance in maintaining the central idea of vairaagyam (see Bhagiratha story's introduction).

Once upon a time, there was a sanyaasi. He used to visit all the kingdoms and used to preach the people "for attaining moksham one needs to give away everything he owns. He should not have any vyamoham or desire on anything. He should not think of the next minute. He should not store anything for future. He should not tell who he is to anyone and should do dhyaanam with peace and no desire. Then he can achieve moksham". The preachings of the sanyaasi were all very good, however, were very difficult for people to understand. One day Magadha raaja was inspired by the teachings of the sanyaasi. He gave away his kingdom and went to the forest for daiva-dhyaanam. In the same manner, Kaambhoja raaja was also inspired and went to the forest for daiva-dhyaanam. He also had given away everything he had.

Both the kings met each other in the forests, but they did not tell to each other that the were kings. They both used to go for bhiksha for their food. According to the rules, they used to eat the food that day itself without storing it for future. One day, they got only ganji (rice starch or rice soup). Kambhoja raaja commented to Magadha raaja that it would be better if there was some salt for the taste. Then the Magadha raaja told that he had some. The Kambhoja raaja questioned him "where did u get the salt from?". The Magadha raaja replied that he had picked small amount of it from the vindu bhojanam to which he was called. He had taken some with him in case he needed in the journey. Then the Kaambhoja raaja told Magadha raaja that he has given his whole empire but was unable to keep up the rule that they should not store any thing for future. The Magadha raaja replied that Kambhoja raaja who also left his kingdom with ease was not able to control his taste. Both were shocked realizing that they broke the rules.

They then realized the true meaning in the teachings of the sanyaasi and returned to their duties as kings and ruled with love,peace and harmony. But because of the learning from the forest, they were never involved in the bhogas of a king and were totally dettached. They got the unattainable moksham in the end.

Morals in the story:

  1. There is no need to go to the forest and to do the daiva-dhyaanam for moksham. One can achieve it while doing all his duties, but being a viraagi.Even Lord Krishna says in the Bhagavadgita:

    अनाश्रितः कर्मफलं कार्यं कर्म करोति यः।
    स सन्यासी च योगि च न निरग्निर्न चाक्रियः॥६-१॥
    "He who does his duty without expecting the fruit of action is sanyasi and yogi both, and not the one who has simply renounced the fire or given up all activity."

  2. The easiest way is to do nishkaama karma and surrender everything to God. Then one will not be attracted to the benefits of karma, whether good or bad.यत्करोषि यदश्नासि यज्जुहोषि ददासि यत्।
    यत्तपस्यसि कौन्तेय तत्कुरुष्व मदर्पणम्॥९-२७॥

    "Arjuna, whatever you do, whatever you eat, whatever you offer as oblation to sacred fire, whatever you bestow as a gift, whatever you do by way of penance, offer it all to Me. "

    सर्वधर्मान् परित्यज्य मामेकम् शरणं व्रज।
    अहं त्वा सर्वपापेभ्यो मोक्षयिष्यामि मा शुचः॥१८-६६॥

    "Resigning all your duties to Me, the all-powerful and all-supporting Lord, take refuge in Me alone, I shall absolve you of all sins, worry not. "

Published in: on May 23, 2006 at 6:31 pm  Comments (5)  
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